District of Columbia. Statutory Language

District of Columbia Statute 10-33
., ch. 45, §§ 28-4501 to 28-4518
§ 28-4501. Definition and purpose
(a) As used in this chapter, the term “person” includes an individual,
corporation, business trust, partnership, business association, or any other legal
(b) The purpose of this chapter is to promote the unhampered freedom of
commerce and industry throughout the District of Columbia by prohibiting restraints
of trade and monopolistic practices.
§ 28-4502. Contract, combination, or conspiracy to restrain trade
Every contract, combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, or conspiracy in
restraint of trade or commerce all or any part of which is within the District of
Columbia is declared to be illegal.
§ 28-4503. Monopolization
It shall be unlawful for any person to monopolize, attempt to monopolize, or
combine or conspire with any other person or persons to monopolize any part of
trade or commerce, all or any part of which is within the District of Columbia.
§ 28-4504. Exclusions
(a) Labor of a human being is not a commodity or an article of commerce.
Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to forbid the existence and
operation of labor, agricultural or horticultural organizations, instituted for the
purpose of mutual help, and not having capital stock or conducted for profit, or to
forbid or restrain individual members of such organizations from lawfully carrying
out the legitimate objects thereof; nor shall such organizations, or the members
thereof, be held or construed to be illegal combinations or conspiracies in restraint of
(b) This chapter does not make illegal the activity of:
(1) any non-profit corporation, trust, or organization established
exclusively for religious, charitable, literary, or educational purposes to the extent
that the activity is religious, charitable, literary, or educational; or
(2) the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.

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