This category covers miscellaneous government establishments primarily engaged in public order and safety, not elsewhere classified, including general administration of public order and safety programs. Collection of statistics on overall public safety also is included.
All Other Justice, Public Order, and Safety
This government group includes several miscellaneous safety, emergency preparedness, and statistical offices, most of which operate as components of other major government offices, centers, and bureaus. In addition to federal units, each state maintains its own safety, order, and statistical programs, often in cooperation with federal initiatives. Eight of 10 government inspection and compliance positions in the United States are for the purpose of preserving the general welfare and safety of its citizens. These include mine safety and health inspectors, consumer safety inspectors, and highway safety investigators. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were approximately 163,000 inspectors and compliance officers employed during the 1990s (the latest available statistic). Of these, state governments employed about 34 percent, the federal government employed about 31 percent, and local governments about 18 percent. The remaining 17 percent were employed in various private sector positions.
Safety offices exist in a number of major U.S. federal government departments. The Food Safety and Inspection office, for example, is part of the Department of Agriculture and is directed by the Assistant Secretary of Marketing and Inspection Services. It was established in 1981 to regulate and enforce food safety in the meat and poultry industries. The responsibility to monitor the safety of egg products was added in 1994. Likewise, the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition conducts research and develops standards for foods, including additives and colors. It is part of the federal Department of Health and Human Services.
In addition to food surety, several safety offices are operated within the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). The Port Safety and Security Program, for instance, is administered by the Coast Guard to enforce marine safety in ports and anchorages. The Federal Highway Administration, also a DOT office, operates a highway safety program that researches and constructs safer roadways. Similarly, the DOT's National Vehicle Safety Program...