This group covers government establishments primarily engaged in providing general support for government, which include personnel, auditing, procurement services, and building management services, and other general government establishments, which cannot be classified in other industries. Public finance is classified in SIC 9311: Public Finance, Taxation, and Monetary Policy.
All Other General Government
The general government not elsewhere classified (NEC) division includes several offices and agencies associated with civil rights, civil service, accounting, personnel, purchasing, and supply. Three of the largest of these offices, all at the federal level, are the General Accountability Office (GAO), the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), and the General Services Administration (GSA).
The GAO is the investigation arm of Congress. Established in 1921 by the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921, it examines matters relating to the receipt and disbursement of public money. On July 7, 2004, the GAO's legal name changed from the General Accounting Office to the Government Accountability Office. The change better reflects the professional services organization it has become. The GAO supports Congress primarily by auditing and evaluating government programs and activities, usually at the request of house committees and members. It is an independent and nonpartisan organization. The GAO is charged with finding inefficiency, waste, fraud, and illegality in government programs and bringing them to the attention of Congress. It also develops and prescribes accounting and fiscal policies, and provides legal counsel and services to Congress related to money and expenditures. The 2005 budget for the GAO was $474.5 million, with 3,200 employees in 12 regional offices.
The OPM administers recruiting, examining, training, and promotion programs for federal workers. Its mission is to ensure the federal government has an effective civilian workforce. The OPM also provides benefits to retired employees and their survivors. Established by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, the OPM inherited many of the responsibilities of the old Civil Service Commission. It is comprised of a director who oversees several offices, an advisory committee, 12 functional groups (e.g., retirement and career entry), and 17 field offices. As of April 2002, the OPM employed 3,615 federal workers, including...