Tracking Risk for Crime Throughout the Day: An Examination of Jersey City Robberies

AuthorGrant Drawve,Leslie W. Kennedy,Jeremy D. Barnum,Joel M. Caplan,Christine H. Neudecker
Date01 June 2021
Published date01 June 2021
Subject MatterArticles
Tracking Risk for Crime
Throughout the Day:
An Examination of Jersey
City Robberies
Joel M. Caplan
, Christine H. Neudecker
, Leslie W. Kennedy
Jeremy D. Barnum
, and Grant Drawve
This study examines temporal variations in the spatial influence of environmental features, such as
bars and vacant buildings, on criminal behavior across microlevel places. Specifically, 17 environ-
mental risk factors and their spatial influences are identified for calendar year 2014 street robberies
in Jersey City, NJ. To explore temporal variation, risk factors and their spatial influences on crime
are identified across 12 discrete 2-hr time intervals. The results demonstrate that the risk factors for
street robbery varied across the course of a day. In fact, mapping the most vulnerable places for
street robbery revealed that while many of the same environmental features remain high risk
throughout the day, their influence varied. These results suggested that there was a temporality to
robbery and that it is likely due to the interaction between physical vulnerabilities from the built
environment and social behaviors of people at these places. This demonstrates the importance of
considering the temporal dimension of criminal behavior as results show that people use and
interact with their environment differently throughout the course of the day.
ecology and crime/spatial analysis, crime/delinquency theory, crime prevention, law enforcement/
There is a large and growing literature examining the geography of crime that repeatedly concludes
crime concentrates in particular places over time (Andresen, Curman, & Linning, 2016; Andresen,
Linning, & Malleson, 2016; Curman et al., 2015; Groff et al., 2010; Sherman et al., 1989; Weisburd
et al., 2004). This spatial focus can be joined with a temporal element to examine spatiotemporal
School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University–Newark, NJ, USA
Center for Applied Research and Management, Police Executive Research Forum, Washington, DC, USA
Department of Sociology and Criminology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Corresponding Author:
Joel M. Caplan, School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University–Newark, 123 Washington Street, 5th Floor, Newark, NJ 07102,
Criminal Justice Review
2021, Vol. 46(2) 259-273
ª2020 Georgia State University
Article reuse guidelines:
DOI: 10.1177/0734016820981628

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT