Review of Health Trends in 2014 and 2015 Projections

AuthorOtmar Kloiber,Edward Septimus,Arnauld Nicogossian,Bonnie Stabile,Thomas Zimmerman
Published date01 March 2015
Date01 March 2015
Review of Health Trends in 2014 and 2015 Projections
Arnauld Nicogossian, Otmar Kloiber, Bonnie Stabile, Edward Septimus,
and Thomas Zimmerman
The editors of World Medical & Health Policy would like to welcome you to
this f‌irst 2015 issue and thank you for your past contributions. We continue to
receive an increasing number of manuscripts, and hope that our readers, peer
reviewers, and editors will continue to submit their research to our journal.
In retrospect, 2014 was a year of many breakthroughs and advances in
biomedicine and global health. Even with persisting shortages of skilled health
workers, the number of deaths among children continues to decline. New cases of
HIV and tuberculosis infections are dropping. Globally, homicide rates are
decreasing. Modest gains in reducing the incidence of healthcare associated/
acquired infections are being achieved. Access to better sanitation and potable
water is improving, and the rate of malnutrition is declining.
Despite these gains, major medical and public health policy concerns, related
to human rights and biosecurity, persist and will continue affect communities
health in 2015. Three of them may highlight the new types of challenges to the
health community:
1. Violence against women and children is on the rise. The World Health
Organization (WHO) estimates that one in four children, and one in six girls,
are physically and sexually abused; one in three women are at risk of falling
victim to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence.
2. The 2014–2015 season inf‌luenza vaccine does not match the genetically drifted
strain of AH3N2 (A/Switzerland/9715293) virus. The correct virus strains,
based on the WHO recommendations, were included in the Southern
Hemisphere vaccine, but not for the Northern Hemisphere vaccines. H3N2
viruses were predominant during the 2003–2004, 2007–2008, and 2012–2013
seasons. All three seasons had high mortality levels. As of January 2015, WHO
reports increasing inf‌luenza activity in the Northern Hemisphere. The Centers
World Medical & Health Policy, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2015
1948-4682 #2015 Policy Studies Organization
Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA, and 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford, OX4 2DQ.

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT