Requests for Admission

AuthorScott Brister (Ret.)/Dan S. Boyd
Chapter 31
Definition: A request for admission (“RFA”) is a written statement served by one party on another party request-
ing that the responding party admit or deny the truth of the statement.
Scope of chapter: How to use RFAs; propounding RFAs; responding to RFAs; drafting principles; protective
orders; challenging answer or objection; relief from admissions; use of responses at trial; sanctions for failure to
admit; sample forms.
Strategies and tactics: Treat RFAs with respect. Matters admitted are conclusively established. If an RFA
respondent fails to timely respond, the requests are deemed admitted. And by failing to admit a matter later
proved at trial, respondent may be liable for the requesting party’s costs of proof.
Statutes and rules: TRCP 198, 215.4.
Related topics: Motion practice, Ch 16; Scope of Discovery, Ch 24; Protective Orders, Ch 32; Interrogatories,
Ch 30; Service of Process, Ch 10.
I. General Points
A. Overview
§31:01 Authority and Purpose
§31:02 Cheap and Effective
§31:03 By Whom, on Whom
§31:04 On State of Texas
§31:05 Admissions Are Binding
§31:06 Automatic Admissions
B. Scope of RFAs
§31:12 Broad Scope
§31:13 Intended for Uncontroverted and Evidentiary Matters
§31:14 Not for Asking a Party to Admit Defeat
§31:15 Ultimate Facts and Trial Issues
§31:16 Applying Law to Fact
§31:17 Not for Pure Legal Issues
§31:18 Opinions of Fact
§31:19 Establishing Prior Statements
(Rev. 10, 4/13)
II. How to Use RFAs
A. General Strategies
§31:24 Uncontested Facts
§31:25 Matters Hard to Prove
§31:26 Eliminate Baseless Contentions
§31:27 Marshal Prima Facie Evidence
§31:28 Basis for Summary Judgment
§31:29 Withdrawing Deemed Admissions
B. Documents
§31:34 Establish Evidentiary Foundation
§31:35 Establish Authenticity
§31:36 Establish Hearsay Exception
§31:37 Establish Document as Business Record
C. Use With Other Discovery Tools
§31:42 Producing Admissions From Prior Discovery
§31:43 Depositions and Interrogatories
§31:44 Document Requests
§31:45 Serve With Interrogatories
§31:46 Embed in Petition?
III. Propounding RFAs
A. Drafting Format and Techniques
§31:50 Standard Pleading Format
§31:51 Caption
§31:52 Title
§31:53 Introductory Paragraph
§31:54 Definitions Section
§31:55 One Request for Each Matter
§31:56 Keep Requests Clear and Simple
§31:57 Avoid Subparts
§31:57.1 Avoid Conflicting Requests
§31:58 Numerical Order
§31:59 No Limit on Number or Sets
§31:60 Signature Block and Certificate of Service
§31:61 Attach Documents
B. Service and Filing
§31:65 Who to Serve
§31:66 Earliest Date to Serve
§31:67 Last Date to Serve
§31:68 Timing Strategies
§31:69 Service
§31:70 Filing
(Rev. 1, 12/00)
IV. Responding to Requests
A. General Points
§31:76 Harsh Consequences
§31:77 Automatic Admission if No Timely Response
§31:78 Consult With Client
§31:79 Service and Filing
B. Response Deadline
§31:84 Deadline
§31:85 Stipulation to Extend
§31:86 Motion to Extend
C. Drafting Points
§31:92 Standard Pleading Format
§31:93 Caption
§31:94 Title
§31:95 Introductory Paragraph
§31:96 Repeating the Requests
§31:97 Signature Required
§31:98 Certificate of Service
a. Substantive Answers
§31:104 Response Choices
§31:105 Express Admission
§31:106 Deemed Admission
§31:107 Express Denial
§31:108 Multi-Part Response
§31:109 Qualified Response
§31:110 Unable to Admit or Deny
§31:111 Deemed Admissions
§31:112 Duty to Supplement
b. Objections
i. Form of Objection
§31:116 Object to Requests Individually
§31:117 Include Only Good Faith Objections
§31:118 Object to All or Part of RFA
§31:119 Deadline
§31:120 Must State Proper Objection
§31:121 Objection Coupled With Answer
§31:122 Preference Over Protective Order
§31:123 Requesting Party’s Options
ii. Specific Grounds
§31:128 Common Objections
§31:129 Improper Objections
§31:130 Outside Scope of Discovery
§31:131 Undue Burden
(Rev. 10, 4/13)

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