# Probable Cause and Reasonable Suspicion: Arrests, Seizures, Stops and Frisks

 Author Deja Vishny Pages 209-258
5-1
CHAPTER 5
Probable Cause
and Reasonable Suspicion:
Arrests, Seizures, Stops and Frisks
“ . . . no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause”
—The Fourth Amendment
I. PROBABLE CAUSE

   
Brinegar v. United
States
Id
A. Probable Cause to Arrest
1. Governing Principles
§5:01 Gates Standard: Fair Probability Determined By Totality of Circumstances
Draper v. United States

    
Beck v. Ohio
     
Davis v. Mississippi
-
Illinois v. Gates

     

Brinegar v. United StatesSaucier v. Katz
The Gates    
  
Henry v. U.S
Beck v. Ohio   
     
State v. Repenshek
Alabama v. White
§5:02 Older Rule: Aguilar/Spinelli

  Aguilar/Spinelli 
§5:03  
GatesSee Aguilar v. Texas
Spinelli v. United States
    
i.e
has held that GatesPeople v. Johnson
§5:03 Warrantless Arrests
     
United States v. Watson
Michigan v. Summer  

  
Devenpeck v. Alford

Goddard v. Kelly

Ybarra v. Illinois
probable cause in Maryland v. Pringle


  
Atwater v. City of Lago Vista

Virginia v. Moore

    
Whren v. United States
Arkansas v. SullivanWhren
State v. Sullivan
§5:04 Remedy for Unlawful Arrest
    
Whiteley v. Warden
See U.S. v. Crews  

  I.N.S. v. Lopez-Mendoza

     
 U.S. v. Alvarez-Machain 
    
Id    
 
See U.S. v. Matta-BallesterosUnited States v. Noreiga,

United States v. Lopez
Practice Point: Arrests across jurisdictional lines
    
   
See, e.g

     
5-3  §5:06
 Miller v. State tate v. Weidman

   See, e.g.,
Henderson v. State
See
2. Case Examples
§5:05 Probable Cause Found

-

Drug Transactions:-
    
Commonwealth v. ThompsonState
v. CastroDarling v. StateCommonwealth v. Kennedy,
Revels v. State

Operating While Intoxicated:

State v. Homan
  
   Id
State v. Lange

State v. Superior Court
Drug Odors:

   State v. Secrist
United States v. HumphriesPeople v. Vigil
     
Commonwealth v. Cruz
Unlawfu l Possession of Alcohol by Underage Drinker:  
    Zuniga v. State, 815

Probable Cause by Association:   
  
United States v. Romero
 United States v. Patrick, 
   
   
United States v. Martinez-Molina
§5:06 Probable Cause Not Found
    

   

United States v. Collins
    United States v.
Robertson

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