Food Safety and Security

AuthorThomas Zimmerman,Edward Septimus,Otmar Kloiber,Bonnie Stabile,Arnauld Nicogossian
Published date01 September 2015
Date01 September 2015
Food Safety and Security
Arnauld Nicogossian, Bonnie Stabile, Otmar Kloiber, Thomas Zimmerman,
and Edward Septimus
The twentieth century witnessed an unprecedented expansion of globaliza-
tion, fostering rapid dissemination and exchange of goods and services.
Globalization has improved access to affordable, diverse, and nutritious food
products for many communities in market economy countries. In 1995, the United
Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) def‌ined food security as
“when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to suff‌icient,
safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an
active and healthy life.”
Despite progress and global access to modern knowledge and available
agricultural technology, almost one seventh of the world population continues to
suffer from hunger and malnutrition. Climate change and human practices are
suspected to contribute to this disparity. Since 2008, economic downturns,
coupled with food losses and waste, have continued to plague vulnerable
populations (Battisti & Naylor, 2009; Mowaf‌i, 2011; Lee, Lee, Lim, & Park, 2015).
It is estimated that by 2050 the world population will grow to 9 billion, and
the demand for food will increase accordingly (Committee on Considerations for
the Future of Animal Science Research et al., 2015). Adoption of best practices in
agricultural and food production can improve food security and reduce
disparities. Improvements in food security will bring signif‌icant socioeconomic
benef‌its to all communities, especially for countries of developing economies.
Agricultural and livestock intensif‌ication can feed this increasing world popula-
tion at affordable prices. Yet despite the successes of globalization and increasing
world trade in agriculture, there remain large; persistent; and, in some cases,
worsening spatial differences in the ability of societies to both feed themselves
and protect the long-term productive capacity of their natural resources.
Unfortunately, using growth promoters, such as hormones and nontherapeutic
antimicrobial drugs, to counteract inadequate agricultural practices has led to the
spread of disease to humans, and loss of productivity, especially for small farms.
World Medical & Health Policy, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2015
1948-4682 #2015 Policy Studies Organization
Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA, and 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford, OX4 2DQ.

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