Conflict Resolution Quarterly

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  • Three insights, two programs, one theory: Transformative practices as opportunities for moral growth in the healthcare workplace

    Increasing demands on healthcare systems and complex pressures within healthcare settings create the conditions for workplace conflict; this inevitably has a detrimental impact on patient care and worker morale. We present two case studies illustrating how training and conflict coaching premised on the transformative model reduced organizational costs, increased employee engagement, and restored healthcare workers' ability to care for patients. Transformative theory and insights, which center on increasing awareness and development of one's moral identity, prove to be especially well‐suited to the healthcare workplace where caring for others is of primary concern.

  • Competitive victimhood as a lens to reconciliation: An analysis of the black lives matter and blue lives matter movements

    Literature on intergroup conflict and identity is well established; this literature includes work on competitive victimhood—the process by which groups attempt to establish that they have suffered more than opposing groups (Noor et al., Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2012, 16(4), 351–374) to restore feelings of moral identity, or cache often for use in a political context (Sullivan et al., Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, 102(4), 778). Within prior work on competitive victimhood, models of reconciliation based on the particular needs and identities established within the competitive victimhood dynamic have also been posited (SimanTov‐Nachlieli et al., European Journal of Social Psychology, 2015, 45(2), 139–145; Shnabel et al., Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2013, 49(5), 867–877). While competitive victimhood theory has been applied in prior work to several cross‐national settings, there exist other important areas of intergroup tension that have not been explored. We propose that the concept of competitive victimhood can be fruitfully used to understand movement‐countermovement dynamics, including those related to conflictual race relations in the United States. Specifically, this article will examine the dynamic between the movements “Black Lives Matter” and “Blue Lives Matter” as a salient paired research case of a movement and countermovement for investigating identity and victimhood. In our present article, we map the discourse of the Black and Blue Lives Matter movements as illustrations of collective victimhood (Schori‐Eyal et al., Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2014, 44(12), 778–794) and competitive victimhood (Noor et al., Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2012, 16(4), 351–374). We find that while both movements demonstrate competitive victimhood, they are also qualitatively different. Due to differences in threat, power, and history of those the movements advocate for, each movement demonstrates different needs (Burton, Conflict: Human needs theory, Springer, 1990). We posit that the identity dynamics of competitive victimhood within social movements specifically lead to important and different identity needs for agency and morality (Shnabel & Noor, in Restoring civil societies: The psychology of intervention and engagement following crisis (pp. 192–207), Wiley‐Blackwell, Chichester, England, 2012). We examine what these differences would mean in these particular movements, as well as for potential avenues of community building based on addressing these needs. In all cases, we aim to show that what has largely been considered a criminal justice phenomenon in the United States is fundamentally political, with roots and possible solutions in intergroup identity dynamics that can be fruitfully explored within political psychology.

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  • Moving beyond personal change: Using dialogue in ethnically divided communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Dialogue has proved to be an effective tool in changing people's perceptions and attitudes. The article adds to the discussion about the potential of dialogue to contribute to more than only personal change. It analyzes the dialogue approach implemented by the Nansen Dialogue Centre Sarajevo, a nongovernmental organization working in ethnically divided communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina with the aim of rebuilding a functional society. The analysis focuses on the effectiveness of dialogue in influencing broader sociopolitical changes. The article concludes that the Centre has created a viable model that contributes to the de‐ethnicizing of everyday problems local communities face.

  • Mapping the field of international peace education programs and exploring their networked impact on peacebuilding

    Conventional wisdom holds that international education builds cross‐cultural capacity, and evaluations of peacebuilding interventions point to significant impacts. Yet, little scholarship links these fields or explores the significance of networks of participants in either area for mobilizing transnational peacebuilding capital. We address this by examining how peace and conflict‐oriented international education (PCIE) programs enable construction of lasting alumni networks, and how these can contribute to longer‐term conflict prevention and peacebuilding activities after participants return home. We draw upon an original dataset of 178 PCIE programs and a survey of program founders and staff.

  • Setting out across the sea of monsters: Bringing learning design into mediator training

    As online education increases its foothold in higher and professional education, educators must face the challenge of bringing experiential learning activities such as role‐play into online settings. Mediation courses rely heavily on role‐play, but are increasingly moving online. This literature review will ascertain to what extent online mediation training is being considered, and how experiential learning can be brought into the online classroom. Suggestions will be made as to how such courses can be informed by the theory and practice of effective learning design so as to improve the experience of, and outcomes for online students of mediation.

  • Knowledge and practice of peacemaking
  • The role of conflict resolution in a major urban partnership to fight human trafficking

    This article takes a singular case study to explore the formation, structure, and impact of a complex urban partnership to address sex trafficking in the San Diego‐Tijuana border region. It explains the relationship between the partnership's structure and subsequent policy outcomes, and argues the two are linked through a staged network formation process in which conflict resolution practices were central in overcoming institutional and cultural barriers to collaborative governance. It contains portable insights about how leadership and decision‐making unfolds and institutionalizes in situations characterized by complex forms of violence that nobody is singularly “responsible” for handling.

  • Avoiding violence: Eleven ways activists can confine violence in civil resistance campaigns

    Nonviolent resistance is a powerful tool but can also turn into civil war when repressed. Based on interviews with activists from Bahrain, Tunisia, and Syria and experts on nonviolent resistance, this article investigates how activists can reduce violence in demonstrations. Five approaches to countering regime violence are proposed: (a) disrupting violent action, (b) constructing dilemma situations, (c) avoiding direct confrontation, (d) inviting civilian peacekeepers, and (d) respecting the opponent's traditions, as well as six ways of reducing activist violence: (a) delegitimizing violence, (b) managing material availability, (c) managing emotions, (d) providing alternatives, (e) changing practices of violence, and (f) enhancing cohesion.

  • Building peace through systemic compassion

    More than an individual emotion experienced by conflict resolution practitioners, compassion constitutes a primary norm of the field of peacebuilding. Three domains of peacebuilding practice are showcased: first, the human rights agenda of the United Nations, second, the practices of everyday peace, and third, the strategies among professionals of interactive conflict resolution. Motivated by the compassion‐related programs in these domains, we propose that peacebuilders develop strategies that are intended to foster compassion among the conflict parties. The notion of systemic compassion is introduced and illustrated with examples within current practice.

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