Since "stress" conception was introduced in psychology thesaurus by Hans Selye, a question "Why do some people cope with stress, and other don't?" concerns scientists. This issue is actual nowadays. Psychic health disorders, connected with stress, constitute the lion' share of all mental disorders. Neuroses are the main among them. V. D. Mendelevich determines neurosis as psychopathological symptoms and nonpsychotic level syndromes, which combine with vegetative dysfunction occurring by impact consequence on a person with current psychic trauma and imperfect anticipation mechanisms and psychological compensation. We decided to focus our attention on people suffering from neurotic disorder, because it can help to find the answer to the question why some people can't manage with stress. According to the definition people suffering from neurotic disorder have imperfect anticipation and compensation mechanisms. So what are compensation and anticipation mechanisms?
In psychology anticipation (in a wide sense) is ability to act and make decisions with certain spatial and temporal deflection in respect to expected, future events. Different anticipation aspects and anticipation consistency in various test groups were studied by such scientists like V. D. Mendelevich, B.F. Lomov, M. M. Solobutina, A. V. Frolova, A. F. Minnulina, A. I. Achmetzyanova. Anticipation consistency is a person's ability to anticipate stress situations in future and to predict reaction manners in these situations. A person, who prones to neurotic disorders, excludes from anticipation activity undesirable events and actions always focusing only on desirable ones. Therefore, when a person gets into the unpredictable, unfavorable and displaced from situational script life collision, he/she finds himself/herself in temporary trouble for application controlling behavior. Even if psychological compensation system functioned normally, in prognosis discrepancy conditions and utter expressiveness emotional experiences (insult, disappointment, perplexity) connected with this prognostic mistake, a person cannot use potential opportunities to cope with the situation as a result of that comes down with neurosis.
We include psychological defense mechanisms and coping into compensation mechanisms. Psychological defense is a system of mechanisms aimed at minimizing the negative experiences which are connected with the conflicts that threaten the integrity of the personality. Such conflicts can be triggered by both conflicting settings in the personality, and the mismatch of the external information or image of the world and self concept formed in the personality. Psychological defense mechanisms were studied by such scholars as O.V. Kruzhkova, R. Plutchik, H. Kellerman, H.R. Conte, N. Haan.
R.S. Lazarus defined coping as cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage specific external and internal requirements (and conflicts between them), which are estimated to be straining or exceeding the resources of the person. Coping behavior in different social and clinical groups was studied by such scientists as R.S. Lazarus, A.G. Billings, R. Moos, M. Perrez, M. Reicherts.
The aim of our study is to find peculiarities of the overcoming the stress by people who suffer from neurotic disorders.
The subject of the study is the ways of the overcoming the stress by people who have neurotic disorders.