This classification covers establishments primarily engaged in furnishing miscellaneous services incidental to water transportation, not elsewhere classified, such as lighterage; boathiring, except for pleasure; chartering of vessels; canal operation; ship cleaning, except hold cleaning; and steamship leasing. Establishments primarily engaged in ship hold cleaning are classified in SIC 4491: Marine Cargo Handling; and those primarily engaged in the operation of charter or party fishing boats or rental of small recreational boats are classified in SIC 7999: Amusement and Recreation Services, Not Elsewhere Classified.
Commercial Air, Rail, and Water Transportation Equipment Rental and Leasing
Port and Harbor Operations
Navigational Services to Shipping
Other Support Activities for Water Transportation
The miscellaneous water transportation services industry covers a variety of services related to water transportation. These include boat livery, except pleasure; commercial boat rental; canal operation; cargo salvaging from distressed vessels; chartering of commercial boats; dismantling ships; lighterage; operation of marine railways for dry-docking; marine salvaging; marine surveying, except cargo; marine wrecking; piloting vessels in and out of harbors; ship cleaning, except hold cleaning; ship registering, including surveying and classifying ships and marine equipment; and steamship leasing. These duties usually are performed dockside and include loading and unloading of railroad cars, trucks, barges and containers; building grain feeders; lashing and strapping cargo; and repairing shipping pallets. Cleaning crews wash and paint surfaces, clean oil tanks, take inventory, clean and wash decks, clean and check lifeboats, clean the quarters, and sort and check laundry. Additional services can be provided by towing and barge operators. Such work includes lighterage or the transfer of goods from ship to barge.
This industry also includes companies that repair, salvage, or scrap ships, and organizations that conduct safety inspections, called classifications societies. The leading societies are Lloyd's Register of Shipping (U.K.), Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (Japan), and the American Bureau of Shipping (U.S.). By the end of the 1980s, members of the maritime industry had become highly critical of classification societies for their reduction in standards, charging...