Use of internet by the researchers of Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Bareilly: a survey.

Author:Prakash, Gyan
 
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Introduction:

Information is regarded as vital resource and an invaluable commodity in modern times. The right information available to the right person at the right time in the aim of any modern library. Developments in computer, communication and information access technologies are bringing revolutionary changes in the modes and methods of information storage, retrieval and transmission. In olden days the function of the libraries were merely the collection and preservation of the documents, but in the 21st century the books are not our means of the preservation but also for the dissemination of the information continued of them. Now - a- days most of the functions carried out the libraries have been modernized with new technology. The national policy on education has also emphasized the need for a better library service in the time to come. In this connection libraries play an important role for the promotion of education and research with the advent. Internet and advancement of information technology it becomes possible to have the access to various information sources and databases available in different parts of the world.

Technology has facilitated to share the information at global, regional and local levels. In the recent In the beginning of the internet, the main users were researchers and scientists who utilizing to fulfill their information needs. In the later stage the internet has emerged as an important source for different types of information users. Internet has becomes more popular for dissemination of information for its differents features like WWW. E -mail, Telnet, FTP etc. Some of the outstanding and valuable resources are also freely available on the internet. It has opportunity to share the resources by the individuals and organization. The people are using internet for commerce, education, information, entertainment and for many other purposes. Internet has a huge collection of information sources, which covers many fields. There are about an billions i.e., 1000 million unique URL's or 'web pages' which are accessible through the internet. The internet has be come an indispensable tool for the dissemination of information.

Today the impact of information technology has changed our daily life. We used various electronic medium to know the information. These medium are internet, internet, www, CD-Rom, multimedia, audio-video tapes, etc. These medium play an important role for e-searching is one such type of technology which provide the online searching programs or searching resources are provided through electronically and the searching material are available in computer in the various forms.

Information year's word wide web is the greatest factor in changing the society and emerged as the core foundation of the information infrastructure. Internet is the host of a lot of scholarly information and provides a global network environment for publishing and access to information. There are various factors that need to be considered while making the provision of accessing these e-resources. The developments in the web technology have paved the way to display the contents on the desktop. The searching and retrieval of the e-resources also have taken the state of the art of the techniques available.

Today, the internet plays a vital role in the teaching, research and learning process. It is assumed in bareilly feel more dependent of the internet for their research work and for the latest information of their subject areas then conventional resources of information veterinary scientist also feel a bit handicapped in updating their knowledge base quickly without using the internet for their dissertation is based on a survey give to scientists and researcher of Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izzatnagar, Bareilly.

IVRI Deemed University: A Profile

The Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izzatnagar is one of the premier national institutions in the field of veterinary and animal sciences in the word. It is established in Dec.9, 1889, earlier called imperial bacteriological laboratory (IBL), pune and was shifted to Izzatnagar, Bareilly.

The IVRI is one of the premier research institutions dedicated to livestock research and development of the region. This is the oldest research institution of the south-east Asia with a strength of more than 350 members engaged in research, teaching, consultancy and technology transfer activities. The institute with its glorious scientific heritage has always enjoyed a certain prestige, a traditional all of its own. The institute also takes pride in importing quality post graduate education which brings students not only from various parts of the country, but also from overseas. Today, the institute with its deemed to be university status contributor immensely to human resource development in the discipline of the new millennium, it awards degrees to master and doctoral programmes in more than 20 disciplines of veterinary and animal sciences, livestock products, technology, basic sciences and extension education. To import continuing education to field veterinarians, the institute also conducts diploma courses in veterinary preventive medicine, animal husbandry, veterinary biological product, animal reproduction, poultry husbandry, medicine and surgery, zoo and wild animal health care and management, meat and meat products technology.

The institute's research is currently addressed with clear benchmarking of deliverables through 157 research and 42 services projects. The IVRI vision 2025th perspective plan has been finalized reflecting a strategic action plan on various research and developmental activities. A number of national and international research projects an animal health and production systems are addressed by the institute. I am particularly pleased to make a special mention of the world bank assisted national agricultural innovation project-92 gives me a great sense of satisfaction and happiness in increating unfied vision of the opportunities and challenges across the organization.

The institute continuous to play an important role in quality central and potency testing of immunobiologicals to various stakeholders with a good liaison with industry in the liberalized scenario, to my mind this represents the inherent and fundament6al strength of IVRI. Kisan mela and pashu vigyan pradarshini and other extension activities including KVK, ATIC, helpline etc. Play key role in technology transfer mission of the institute. I welcome this opportunity to share information with you. Research and resources cut across nation and we hope and regard our selves as a world institute and a member of global community. I hope the information covered through this website on IVRI provides same glimpses of this oldest research institution widely known as a ''Mecca of veterinary sciences' in the regime. Although animal science research is the major mandate of the institute, post-graduate teaching and training are an integral part from early times. As early as in the year 1900, training was imparted to field veterinarians on the general principles of therapeutics, and to civil and army personnel in comparative pathology, bacteriology and microbiology. These were later replaced by a number of refresher courses for personnel in the veterinary profession. The institute started awarding diplomas for the associateship of IVRI in 1943 as a part of post-graduate teaching programme. Associateship was considered equivalent to M.V.Sc./M.Sc for recruitment to higher posts. National diploma courses in animal husbandry, preventive veterinary medicine, poultry husbandry, animal reproduction, biological products and equine husbandry were subsequently introduced. Research scholars have been working for their master's, Ph.D. and D.Sc. degrees in various disciplines of animal health, production and technology since 1937. At the institute, large numbers of foreign student are enrolled for PG studies especially from developing countries.

Scholars form different countries also undertake various short and long-term training programmes, diploma and degree programmes. Besides the above courses, the institute also arranges various short-term training programmes, staff courses and summer institutes to make the professional workers familiar with latest developments in veterinary and animal sciences from time to time. The urgency of extending facilities for post-graduate education to meet the country's demand of trained and technical personnel for veterinary colleges and livestock research stations was emphasized by the joint Indo-American team in 1995. The need for intensifying post-graduate education was also felt for filling up a large number of posts created for the development of livestock industry during the five year plans. With the establishment of post-graduate college of animal sciences in 1958, it was possible to produce highly qualified scientists from this institute. There has been a significant diversification of veterinary and animal sciences education keeping pace with the rapid development in science and technology. The ministry of education, government of India on the recommendation of university grants commission conferred the status of the deemed to be university on 16th November, 1983 under section 3 of UGC act...

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