Trends towards internet usage among college teachers of Lodhran District, South Punjab, Pakistan.

Author:Bhatti, Rubina
Position:Report
 
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Introduction

The use of Internet is rapidly increasing due to its effectiveness and ability in providing right information to the right person at the right time. It works around the clock and links every corner of the world. Internet has become an inescapable need for every institution of higher education (Thanuskodi, 2011). Revolution of information technology in the world has affected all the disciplines of society. Due to electronic technology the whole world has become a global village. Particularly internet has changed the entire world. Internet has affected information seeking behavior of researchers and social scientists. Internet has played a significant role to spread education and updating information. Internet has created the changes in the concept of library (Bhatti, 2013).

The use of Internet is quickly increasing outstanding to its effectiveness and capability in providing right information to the right person at the right time. It uses throughout the world around the clock and connects every curve of the world. Internet has become an inevitable necessity for every society of every country. Internet is also gateway for libraries and information centers to enter the Electronic Information Age and is providing the information, produced by different organizations, institutions, societies, research centers and individuals all over the world. The internet has fragmented obstacles of communication entrance from anywhere in the world. It is fast, reliable and does not have limits on content or format (except in certain countries). It also has an unlimited choice of facilities which support users to access the almost infinite information on the net. It has changed the feature of publishing also. The internet deals the opportunity to access up-to-date research reports and knowledge globally in topics as diverse as science and technology, business and finance, music and the arts. Thus, it has become an important module of electronic services in academic institutions and thereby an invaluable tool for learning and research (Al-Ansari, 2006).

The use of the Internet in the educational environment has supported easy access to many resources. Moreover, the occurrence of this distribution has brought additional benefits in that case; these resources can be used in any location and any time. The effect of the Internet in educational institutions is, quite limited. We have required identifying the impacts of Internet resources used by college teachers and student. Internet use, especially in education, has been investigated for some time, and many different studies, exist in literature about that matter. Usage of internet is growing vastly in Pakistan over the years. Use of internet is increasing day by day due to its importance.

Literature Review

Bhatti's study (2013) revealed that information technology has dynamically encouraged the research activities, provide necessary motivations for the research output produced by the faculty members. They also concluded the departmental libraries should be linked with the college main library and improved the various library services to be improved i.e. reprographic services, photocopy services, interlibrary loan and reference services. They also suggested that library OPAC may also be designed for sake of library connection with the locally and internationally changed to the whole world by individual to individual and organization to organization. Due to this change this world has become a global village. Internet is an integrated and inevitable part of these disciplines of the society. It has a great impact for social scientist also. It is observed that 94% respondents use internet on daily basis. Different search engines have been used for seeking information by the users. The result has pointed out that users utilize the different online data bases for acquire their information like, Emerald, Science Direct, JSTOR. Most of the students use internet for their study purpose.

Prabakaran, (2013) pointed out that e -resources are inevitably impact on learning, teaching, and research throughout the world especially in case of faculty members. E - resources are considered key element unanimously for gaining knowledge in the world. Some causes and problems are considered hinders for accessing these sources such as inadequate electricity supply , insufficient terminals, lack of information retrieval skills from these resources. So, the need is to overcome these blunt issues. It is also necessary to organize training programs for faculty members to utilize these E-Resources. Thanuskodi (2011) study exposed that libraries has changed their role regarding collection services due to presence of several kind of e-resources. E-resources have significant impact on the faculty member's attitude to gain information and seem to be very positive to their studies. Due to these resources, the space problems and budgetary limitations are also reduced to some extent. Faculty members are seems to be heavily dependence on these e-resources in attaining information and conducting lecture. He negated that perception regarding less or limited role of library as gateway to the e-resources. Libraries may change their role in shape of guidance, training and tutorial program me for using these e-resources He also suggested that libraries would have to develop their tools for user satisfaction i.e. Wi-Fi, speed of internet, so that faculty members can use online e-resources within the campus.

Baby and Kumaravel (2011) pointed out that the 86.27% of the staff members used internet services most frequently. Study further reveals that the library visited by the users is being increased with the passage of time due to certain reasons; one of them is presently libraries equipped with technological resources. Considering these signs, libraries having sufficient space to entertain...

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