Treatment for Type I lowers heart disease.


Intensive and early treatment of Type I diabetes substantially lowers the risk of cardiovascular ailments such as heart disease and stroke, shows a study from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas. Patients who receive early and aggressive treatment for the disease, including the use of insulin pumps or multiple (three or more) daily insulin injections, glucose monitoring, and lifestyle intervention as young adults reduce their risk by almost 60%. Moreover, intensive glucose control prevents or delays eye, nerve, and kidney damage--common complications of Type I diabetes.

"We were one of the centers following about 60 patients and, when we started, most of our patients were, on average, 30 to 35 years old," explains Philip Raskin, professor of internal medicine. "We reported short-term health benefits from intensive treatment but, at that time, the patients weren't old enough to experience some of the cardiovascular disease and events that can afflict older patients with Type I diabetes. As that population has aged, the strategy of early intervention and aggressive control of the...

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