A Timeline of Marijuana in The New York Times.

Author:Sullun, Jocab
Position:INFOGRAPHIC
 
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1857

A letter to the New-York Daily Times recommends "Cannabis Indica, the East Indian hemp, known most widely as Hesheesh," as "a sure counteractive to the poison of rabies."

1876

A New York Times story describes cannabis as a medicine that "has been used...with great success in cases of dropsy."

1901

The Times first mentions"the Marihuana," a "harmless-looking plant" that "sends its victims running amuck."

1906

Congress approves the Pure Food and Drug Act. New York City requires a prescription for cannabis.

1911

Massachusetts becomes the first state to ban marijuana.

1914

The Harrison Narcotics Act bans the nonmedical use of opiates and cocaine.

1937

"Marihuana Spreads Its Web in America."

Congress approves a federal ban.

1938

Esther Sohl unsuccessfully mounts a "marihuana madness"defense in her murder trial.

1939

Subway murder by a "marijuana-crazed Negro" reported by the Times.

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1945

"Experts Discount Marijuana as Big Factor in Crime, but Drive on It Will Be Pressed"

1951

"'Normal' Children Yield to Narcotics" after smoking marijuana, says the Times. The Boggs Act prescribes a two-year mandatory minimum prison term for simple possession of marijuana.

1969

Gallup finds 12 percent of Americans think marijuana should be legal. A Times editorial says federal marijuana penalties are too severe.

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1982

President Ronald Reagan declares "war on drugs."

1985

Support for legalization falls to 23 percent.

1996

California becomes the first state to allow medical use of marijuana. The Times says the Clinton administration "has little choice" but to continue enforcing the federal ban there.

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1999

A National Academy of Sciences report says marijuana has medical utility and finds little evidance of serious side effects or a "gateway effect."

2001

Support for legalization rises to 34 percent. The Times condemns the Bush administration's "benighted efforts" tostop legal medical use by "desperately ill patients."

2009

Support for legalization rises to 44 percent. The Times praises the Obama administration for promising to leave medical marijuana suppliers alone in states where it's legal.

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1925

"Mexican, Crazed by Marihuana, Runs Amuck With Butcher Knife"

1926

The Times covers the Panama Canal Zone study: "Marijuana Smoking is Reported Safe"

1927

New York state bans marijuana. "Mexican Family Go Insane" after eating marijuana plants, according to...

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