The Third Annual Solf-Warren Lecture in International and Operational Law

AuthorJack Goldsmith
PositionProfessor of Law at Harvard University
Jack Goldsmith is Henry L. Shattuck Professor of Law at Harvard University. He is the
author, most recently, of The Terror Presidency: Law and Judgment Inside the Bush
Administration (W.W. Norton 2007), as well as of other books and articles on topics
related to terrorism, national security, international law, conflicts of law, and Internet
law. Before coming to Harvard, Goldsmith served as Assistant Attorney General, Office
of Legal Counsel, from October 2003 through July 2004, and Special Counsel to the
General Counsel to the Department of Defense from September 2002 through June 2003.
Goldsmith taught at the University of Chicago Law School from 1997 to 2002, and at the
University of Virginia Law School from 1994 to 1997. He holds a J.D. from Yale Law
School, a B.A. and M.A. from Oxford University, and a B.A. from Washington & Lee
University. He clerked for Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Court of
Appeals Judge J. Harvie Wilkinson, and Judge George Aldrich on the Iran-U.S. Claims
This essay is an edited transcript of a lecture delivered on 24 February 2010 by
Professor Jack Goldsmith to members of the staff and faculty of The Judge Advocate
General’s Legal Center and School, their distinguished guests, and officers of the 58th
Judge Advocate Officer Graduate Course at The Judge Advocate General’s Legal Center
and School, Charlottesville, Virginia.
The Waldemar A. Solf Chair of International Law was established at The Judge
Advocate General’s School, U.S. Army (TJAGSA) on 8 October 1982 in honor of
Colonel (COL) Waldemar A. Solf. On 16 August 2007, the Chair was renamed the
Waldemar A. Solf and Marc L. Warren Chair in International and Operational Law.
Colonel Waldemar Solf (19131987) was commissioned in the Field Artillery in
1941. He became a member of the Judge Advocate General’s Corps in 1946. He served
in increasingly important positions until his retirement twenty-two years later.
Colonel Solf’s career highlights include assignments as the Senior Military Judge in
Korea and at installations in the United States; Staff Judge Advocate (SJA) of both the
Eighth U.S. Army/U.S. Forces Korea/United Nations Command and the U.S. Strategic
Command; Chief Judicial Officer, U.S. Army Judiciary; and Chief, Military Justice
Division, Office of The Judge Advocate General (OTJAG).
After two years lecturing with American University, COL Solf rejoined the Corps in
1970 as a civilian employee. Over the next ten years, he served as Chief of the
International Law Team in the International Affairs Division, OTJAG, and later as chief
of that division. During this period, he served as a U.S. delegate to the International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Conference of Government Experts on
Reaffirmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed
Conflicts. He also served as Chairman of the U.S. delegation to the ICRC Meeting of
Experts on Signaling and Identification Systems for Medical Transports by Land and Sea.
He was a representative of the United States to all four of the diplomatic conferences
that prepared the 1977 Protocols Additional to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. After his
successful efforts in completing the Protocol negotiations, he returned to Washington and
was appointed the Special Assistant to The Judge Advocate General for Law of War

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