Journals and magazines are the one of the primary sources of information for learning, instruction and research in any higher education institution. They are an integral part of library collection because according to Ogunrombi (1997) as cited by Ogunniyi, Akerele, and Afolabi (2011), "serial publications form the backbone of any academic library because of their nature of informational value." These are important leaning resources for two main reasons: 1) contributions published convey the latest information on specific fields; and 2) the information may not be available in book (Gaur, 2003; Khan, 1978; Kumar, 1998). Thus, they are one of the primary sources of recent information for research and instruction in particular.
Olanlokun and Salisu (1988) as cited by Ogunniyi, Akerele, and Afolabi (2011), stated that "journals are accorded prominence in the library because they provide the latest information in a discipline and if people want to be current in their field they have to read relevant journals." Anunobi, Nwakwuo, and Ezejiofor (2010) pointed out that "the place of serials in scholarly research visibility and communication has posted it as a very important information material in university libraries. Goehner (1982) recommends that periodicals in academic libraries be given serious consideration towards greater utilization of the faculty particularly in the evaluation process. Thus, every university that is worth its name makes effort to acquire serials for the community".
"The use of journal by undergraduate students continue to dwindle and that underpins the reason to educate the students to utilize the resource for improved research work and quality project writing" (Bamidele, Omeluzor & Amadi, 2013),". On the other hand, Salisbury and Noguera (2003) found out that "faculty and graduate students are beginning to accept the use of electronic journals and majority of them agreed that electronic journals access is a viable alternative to the physical reading room, thus, this affects the selection decisions to subscribe print or online formats. Rashidi, Gilchrist and Maris (2008) opined that journals are the most preferred format as manifested from the pattern of citation in their study. Thus, McGuigan (2008) revealed that the major developments facing periodicals collection management in libraries are due to availability of technology, constrained library budgets, and the information seeking behavior of users.
The librarian should bring to the attention of the readers the recent developments in the diverse fields, in particular, to the teaching and research staff of the institution for the following reasons: 1) they may not find time to scan the periodicals in their fields due to heavy work load; and 2) they may not find time to visit the library (Pichuraman & Gopalakrishnan, 1983).
On the other hand, Cabonero (2004) found out in his study that the primary reasons of faculty and students for using the library were: 1) borrow and return books; 2) read newspapers and magazines; 3) read materials for classroom purposes; and 4) look up materials for research paper, reports, etc. Also, Sison et al. (2014) concluded that: 1) the serials collection was used minimally and reading newspapers, magazines and journals is not a habit of the students; 2) newspapers remain as the most sought type of serials collection; 3) students are not aware of the importance of registering in the borrower's logbook for periodicals and teacher play a vital role in increasing the utilization of serials collection; 4) the library lacks marketing techniques and strategies in advertising the serials even though students are concerned about the latest acquisition of serials; and 5) the attitude and the recency of serials collection are the factors that affect the utilization of serials collection. On the other hand, Bhat (2014) concluded that lack of awareness on the use of periodicals, lack of training on the use of online journals, and proper infrastructure in the library are the demotivating factors in the use of periodicals.
The study aimed to explore the reasons for the use and non-use of magazines and journals at Saint Mary's University Learning Resource Center. Specifically, it sought answers to the following:
What are the reasons for using and not using magazines and journals by library users?
Is there a significant difference in the use of magazines and journals when grouped according to type, sex and schools of respondents?
Is there a significant difference in the registration on the use of magazines and journals when grouped according to type, sex and schools of respondents?
What recommendations were made by faculty and students on the effective use of magazines and journals in their respective school and class?
The null hypotheses tested in this study were:
There is no significant difference in the use of magazines and journals when grouped according to type, sex and schools of respondents.
There is no significant difference in the registration on the use of magazines and journals when grouped according to type, sex and schools of respondents.
The study made used of the descriptive method of research in determining the reasons for use and non-use of magazines and journals; and qualitative method for the recommendations by faculty and students in improving the utilization of said types of periodicals in their respective school and class. It was conducted at Saint Mary's University located in Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines particularly in its Periodicals Section and Periodicals Corner at the different sections of the University Learning Resource Center. The table below presents the profile of the respondents by type, sex and schools.
Results and Discussions
Section 1. Reasons for Use and Non-Use of Magazines and Journals
1.1. Registration in the Use of Magazines and Journals
Of the 86 respondents, 41 or 47.7% registered the magazines and journals before using them while 45 or 52.3% do not register. One of the important protocols in borrowing magazines and journals is to register them in the borrower's logbook. This is an effort of the library to see to it that these are being used or read to further the knowledge of the readers...