The survival of mankind requires a Water Quality and Quantity Index (WQQI) and Water Applied Testing and Environmental Research (WATER) Centers

Published date01 May 2019
Date01 May 2019
World Water Policy. 2019;5:55–70.
© 2019 Policy Studies Organization.
Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
DOI: 10.1002/wwp2.12007
The survival of mankind requires a Water Quality
and Quantity Index (WQQI) and Water Applied
Testing and Environmental Research (WATER)
Zigmond A.Kozicki1
Stephanie J. S.Baiyasi‐Kozicki2
1College of Health Professions,University
of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, MI, USA
2College of Graduate Studies,Central
Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI,
Zigmond A. Kozicki, University of Detroit
The survival of the human population requires policy
changes regarding water management. Mankind needs real‐
time feedback about water quality to respond to threats to
the water supply from climate change, population growth,
water intensive farming, industrial pollution and urbaniza-
tion. With the growing scarcity of drinking water world-
wide, proactive strategic thinking and planning is necessary.
Investing in water quality and water quantity management
ensures that the public health and economic benefits for all
things related to water is maximized. By 2025, half of the
world’s population will be living in water‐stressed areas
(World Health Organization, Drinking water, http://www. centr e/facts heets/ fs391/ en/, 2016). “While
the private sector has a key role to play in making inno-
vation happen, government must provide three key public‐
good inputs that allow innovation to blossom: investments
in human capital, infrastructure, and research” (Pool &
Erickson, The high return on investment for publicly funded
research, Center for American Progress, 2012). Managing
water quality and quantity is a worldwide concern that will
require investing in WATER Centers. The feedback humans
need to survive can best be described as a Water Quality and
Water quality threats
Ongoing human life on planet Earth will depend on accurate information about the current and expected
availability of drinking water. Water contamination is a common problem worldwide and people require
timely feedback about water quality to direct them to avoid water sources that are health‐threatening
and to seek water sources that are safe to consume. Contamination may be geological or anthropogenic
(man‐made) (Fawell & Nieuwenhuijsen, 2003). Supplies of water are also being stressed and in some
cases are now running dry at an alarming rate. The world’s population continues to increase and that
has not been matched by an accompanying increase in supplies of fresh water. The consequences are
proving to be profound. Across the globe today, reservoirs and aquifers are drying up. Technology
Quantity Index (WQQI). To create the WQQI, each country
will need to create and operate a Water Applied Testing and
Environmental Research (WATER) Center(s) to support
public health surveillance of drinking water. Water policy
makers need to keep in mind that water quality measure-
ments should be unique to each community and determined
by the actual threat to each community’s water sources.
Utilizing a WQQI from many communities in a given coun-
try would be useful for national public health strategic plan-
ning. WATER Centers can improve the safety of drinking
water and contribute to water conservation in community
water systems worldwide. WATER Centers can facilitate
the implementation of a WQQI. The Water Centers can
form a global network that shares data and methods for best
practices in managing drinking (potable) water. The United
States is often considered as having safe drinking water. An
examination of the community water systems in the United
States reveals that this may be an inaccurate assessment. The
testing and treatment of water in the United States is refer-
enced in this manuscript. Water is life—and life on earth is
linked to water. Our existence is dependent on water, or the
lack of it, in many ways, and one could say that our whole
civilization is built on the use of water (International Water
Association, 2008, A brief history of water and health from
ancient civilizations to modern times).
water applied testing and environmental research (WATER) centers, water
management, water quality and quantity index

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