The Supreme Court of the United States

Pages:67-68
 
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Judicial Branch

JUDICIAL BRANCH

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THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

United States Supreme Court Building

One First Street NE., Washington, DC 20543

Phone, 202-479-3000. Internet, www.supremecourtus.gov.

Members:

Chief Justice of the United States William H. Rehnquist

Associate Justices John Paul Stevens, Sandra Day O'Connor, Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer

Officers:

Administrative Assistant to the Sally M. Rider

Chief Justice

Clerk William K. Suter

Court Counsel Scott S. Harris

Curator Catherine E. Fitts

Director of Budget and Personnel Cyril A. Donnelly

Director of Data Systems Donna Clement

Librarian Shelley L. Dowling

Marshal Pamela Talkin

Public Information Officer Kathleen L. Arberg

Reporter of Decisions Frank D. Wagner

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Article III, section 1, of the Constitution of the United States provides that ``he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.''

The Supreme Court of the United States was created in accordance with this provision and by authority of the Judiciary Act of September 24,

1789 (1 Stat. 73). It was organized on February 2, 1790. Article III, section 2 of the Constitution defines the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court is comprised of the Chief Justice of the United States and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress, which is currently fixed at eight (28 U.S.C. 1). The President nominates the Justices with the advice and consent of the Senate. Article III, section 1, of the Constitution further provides that

``he Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.''

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