THE RESEARCH EVALUATION MODEL FOR THE LOCAL ORGANIZATION OF THE NATIONAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE.

Author:Yoon, Donghun
Position:Report
 
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INTRODUCTION

The National Research Institute is the country's organization for national research. It can conduct a nationwide research for a national project when the government, academe and industry cannot do so. The government has supported the stable operation of the institute and has provided a budget for it, so that it could fulfil the government's research and development (R&D) requirements. The local organization of the National Research Institute is very important for the establishment of a local innovation system (Kromrey, 2003; Levin- Rozalis, 2003; Fetterman, 2008). It is the network hub for local innovation. The local innovation system is based on the national innovation system (NIS). The NIS has carried out government R&D for the creation, introduction and improvement of the country's technologies. Also, it is the network for non-government organizations (NGOs) and public institutions (Freeman, 1987). The NIS is defined as the gathering of innovation factors for the technology innovation process. The interaction and role of the innovation factors are recognized as significant (Nelson & Rosenberg, 1993). Edquist (1997) suggested issues for the general economic indicator, such as economic growth and employment. The general local development strategy (public infrastructure investment, enterprise attraction, etc.) imposes a limit on the country's balanced development and local innovation. The core factor of local development is local technology innovation. Local development can enhance the country's local growth potential and long-term development through science and technology. The absolute gap is rectified and local policymaking for science and technology innovation is needed for the country's balanced development. Also, a local research base is needed for science and technology innovation. The local organization of the National Research Institute will serve as the essential research base. The local innovation system model for the local organization of the National Research Institute is shown in Figure 1.

The research evaluation of the National Research Institute is defined as the comprehensive evaluation of the institute's main task (Blomberg & Waldo, 2002). The research evaluation results can be reflected in the government's R&D policy because the production, advantage, effectiveness and value of the research results have been specifically analysed (DeLeon, 1997; Lafond et al., 2000; Wollmann, 2007). Also, the performance of and outcomes obtained by the National Research Institute are evaluated. The research evaluation involves monitoring the research effectiveness of the National Research Institute. It is needed for the optimal resource allocation and competitiveness enhancement of the institute (Hemlin, 1996; Brown, 2006; Molas-Gallart, 2015). The research evaluation has become the most important factor in public and R&D management since 1980. Technology innovation has been recognized as the most effective means of enhancing the country's competitiveness and national welfare promotion all over the world and it needs research evaluation on the government level to determine the input relevance of R&D resources, the R&D effectiveness, the qualitative level of the research results and the R&D ripple effect (society, economy, culture, etc.) (Ormala, 1989). The past research evaluations of the National Research Institute focused on the whole institute or on its headquarters, but the demand for the local organization of the National Research Institute has increased of late due to the rising concern of the local government for regional R&D (Halachmi, 2004; Kobal, 2005; Sample et al., 2012). Also, diverse opinion shave been presented to the central government with regard to the establishment and operation of the local organization of the National Research Institute (Toda, 1999; Shi, 2012). This requires the objective determination of the role and identity of the institute (Midorikawa, 2003; Darema, 2007). The research evaluation objectives for the local organization of the National Research Institute are to determine the role and function of the institute for the establishment objective and to establish an improvement plan. In this paper, the research evaluation model and the analysis results for local organizations of 25 National Research Institutes in Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) of South Korea are discussed and presented. We chose local organizations of 25 National Research Institutes in Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) of South Korea for the research evaluation model study. Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) of South Korea has managed 25 National Research Institutes through National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) of South Korea. Until recently, the research evaluation has been performed for the headquarters of 25 National Research Institutes. Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) and National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) of South Korea are measured the research result and distributed the government R&D budget through the research evaluation. In recent years, the research evaluation is needed for the research result measurement and the government R&D budget distribution of the local organization of the National Research Institute because local organizations of 25 National Research Institute is greatly increased. The fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method was utilized for the research evaluation model study because it is the most appropriate method for the research evaluation of the local organization of the National Research Institute. The fuzzy AHP is a method of resolving the uncertainty in the decision making process. In this paper, a research evaluation model for the local organization of the National Research Institute is suggested for the first time. It is expected that the results of this study will be very useful for the review and subsequent improvement of the country's research evaluation policy.

GLOBAL RESEARCH EVALUATION TREND

United States

The science and technology system of the United States consists of the assembly and the administration. The science and technology policy has been implemented through the central government and the public institute (Hansson, 2006; Tremper et al., 2010). The science and technology organizations of the White House have performed the roles of offering consultation, mediation and assistance with regard to the country's science and technology policy. The National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) plays an important role in making decisions related to the country's science and...

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