The Renewal of Agricultural Market Information Systems in Developing Countries

Published date01 September 2014
AuthorGuy Trebuil
Date01 September 2014
World Food Policy - Volume 1, Number 2 - Fall 2014
Keywords: (JEL Classication): Agriculture (O13), Food security (Q18), South
Asia (O18), Poverty (I32), Nutrition (I12), Agricultural Market Information
Systems, 2GMIS, Regional Agricultural Trade Intelligence Network, Agricul-
tural Market Watch, Market Information and Consultation System
Agricultural market information
systems (MIS) are designed to col-
lect, process, and disseminate in-
formation on the situation and dynamics
of agricultural markets. MIS may have two
objectives: improve public policies by help-
ing policymakers to take better account
of market realities, and to render markets
more transparent such that resources may
be better allocated (more eciency, greater
Market information systems (MIS)
are developed in two steps in develop-
ing countries. A rst generation of MIS
emerged in the 1980s when most develop-
ing countries liberalized their agriculture,
and a second generation followed in the
2000s driven by various factors such as the
diculties faced by the MIS of the rst gen-
eration to reach their objectives, the new
opportunities oered by the development
of ICT – Internet and cell phones – and the
increasing organization of market players
(farmer organizations, inter-professional
organizations). Contrary to the rst gener-
ation of MIS (1GMIS), which were almost
all built on the same model, 2GMIS devel-
oped many technical and organizational in-
novations, giving birth to a great diversity of
models. What are the main innovations de-
veloped by 2GMIS? What are currently the
main MIS models? To what extent can these
new models allow MIS to overcome the lim-
itations of 1GMIS to reach their objectives?
What do we know on MIS impacts? e spe-
cial issue of this Cahiers Agricultures jour-
nal addresses these questions.
It kicks o with an article by Galtier
and Clément that places the recent changes
in MIS in a historical perspective. e au-
thors begin by retracing the steps that led
to the emergence in the 19th century of
the rst MIS intended to guarantee market
transparency. en, they analyze the factors
that shaped MIS changes from the 19th cen-
tury till today.
is is followed by six articles, each
presenting a particular MIS: its operation,
the diculties it has faced, and the solutions
implemented to overcome them.
Ngombalu and Massila present the
case of the Regional Agricultural Trade In-
telligence Network (RATIN). is MIS de-
veloped by the Eastern Africa Grain Council
is a typical example of a 2GMIS supported
by a professional organization.
Mukhebi and Kundu analyze the
case of the Kenya Agricultural Commodity
Exchange (KACE). is is a typical example
of an MIS managed by a private company
and based on a business model focused on
the supply of invoiced services.
he Renewal of Agricultural Market Information Systems
in Developing Countries
Guy Trebuil1
1 CIRAD – Agricultural Research for Development; France.

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