I can't think of a more potentially disruptive innovation to today's businesses than the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI).

It's bound to be a textbook-case of the disrupt-or-be-disrupted scenario: Companies that embrace AI early on are likely to thrive and disrupt their industries, to the detriment of peers that fail to adapt.

So, why aren't they?

As much as we've all been reading about the disruptive power of AI, you would think that companies would be rushing to implement it into their organizations.

Not so.

According to the authors of a recent Harvard Business Review article, only about 8% of companies "engage in core practices that support widespread adoption" of AI. How can that be possible?

It turns out that one of the biggest challenges in implementing AI is not the technology itself (that is, understanding it, getting everyone trained on it, upgrading your systems, and allocating the capital).

Rather, the challenge is the company's culture.

Too rigid to change

This was a big aha for me: Having a culture that is not agile enough to change and adapt to innovation is more challenging than the new technology itself.

In a way, it helps explain the casualties from the recent wave of digital innovation.

We can all think of companies that reached the top of their class through innovation and disruption, but later failed to spot and adapt to the next wave.

As a result of those miscalculations, several star names disappeared from the market while others had to reinvent themselves entirely under new leadership.

You have to ask yourself, how can otherwise smart, well-educated, savvy leaders miss an oncoming disruptive trend?

You may argue that just the pressure of beating the competition in next quarter's results may keep leaders from spotting, much less reacting, to threatening new trends.

Most likely, however, it's lacking a corporate culture that's agile enough to spot and seize change.

Whose job is it?

Which leads us to the question: Who is in charge of the corporate culture?

Without a doubt, the organization's leaders are in charge of creating and fostering it.

But, counterintuitive as it may seem, corporate culture must never be static. It needs to constantly evolve and adapt to the environment in which it operates.

And that's where the guidance and oversight of the board of directors comes in.

With their insights from other lines of business, experiences from running or having run successful operations, and their track record...

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