The Kings & Queens of England & Scotland Maria Costantino.

Author:Martin, Molly
Position::Book review
 
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The Kings & Queens of England & Scotland

Maria Costantino

King Books

9781906239336, $5.75, Paperback, 2012

The Kings and Queens of England & Scotland, is revised and updated for the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II marking the 60th year of Queen Elizabeth's reign and conducted for in world for the year.

The book opens with a Table of Contents

THE FIRST ENGLISH KINGS

THE HOUSE OF NORMANDY

THE HOUSE OF ANJOU

THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER

THE HOUSE OF YORK

THE HOUSE OF TUDOR

THE HOUSE OF STUART

THE HOUSE OF HANOVER

THE HOUSE OF SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA

THE HOUSE OF WINDSOR

KINGS OF SCOTLAND

INDEX

CREDITS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

THE FIRST ENGLISH KINGS

Beginning with 'The First English Kings, Saxons, The House of Wessex, Danes and Vikings 75 BC--AD 20 Writer Costantino provides a bit of early history touching on arrival of Celts, who settled first in Ireland and on the Isle of Man. Later arrivals brought advanced iron making advances, horses and wheeled vehicles.

The Romans played an important role beginning In 58 BC and lasting until AD 410. Britain began gaining independence during the fourth century.

A D 410--A D 731 was a period marked by collapse of Roman rule, warfare, and chieftain rule, one was Cole of the nursery rhyme Old King Cole. Viking raids beginning about 787 with penetration threatening the coasts for some two centuries. The kingdom of Wessex emerged triumphant from the warring between chiefs; Ecgberht became the First English King 803--29.

The not so dark ages in Anglo Saxon during the era in Britain produced much scholarship and great art.

The Anglo--Saxson Kings introduced Alfred the Great 871-899, Canute 1016-1035, Edward The Confessor 1042-1066. Edward died without an heir leading to The Battle of Hastings and the enthroning of King William 1 the first of England's Norman monarchs.

The Normans were originally Vikings who had settled in north-west France in early 10th century. Writer Costantino touches upon the rule of William 1 and his successors rule 1066-1154 including mention of rebellions and Danegeld, The Doomsday Book, and Castles.

The listing of Monarchs includes a page having a picture of the Monarch and family history, a nickname, generally where crowned, died, buried

THE HOUSE OF NORMANDY:

William 1 1066-1087 The Conquerer, House of Normandy Parents: son of Robert 1 'the Devil' 6th Duke of Normandy and Arlette of Contevlle. Authority: King of England, and Duke of Normandy Married Matilda of Flanders, Children; 9, Robert 'Curthose', William 1, Henry 1 and Adela Buried: St Stephens Abbey, Caen France

William 2 1087-1100 called Rufus (red), Dynasty House of Normandy Parents: 3d son of William 1 and Matilda of Flanders. Authority: King of England with powers over Scotland, Wales and Normandy Marriage: Unmarried, Children: none Buried: Westminster Abbey

Henry 1 1100-1135 Beauclerc Dynasty House of Normandy Parents: fourth son of William 1 and Matilda of Flanders. Authority: King of England and from 1106 Duke of Normandy Marriage: Matilda (Edith) daughter of Malcolm of Scotland, Adela daughter of Count Godfrey 7 of Louvain Children: 3, William drowned in the 'White Ship' shipwreck, Matilda Buried: Reading Abbey, Berkshire

Stephen 1135-1154, Dynasty House of Blois Parents: 3d son of Adela (Wm 1) and Stephen Count of Bois Authority: King of England, Count of Boulonge with claims on Normandy until 1145 Married Matilda of Boulogne, children 5, eldest son Eustace Count of Boulonge Buried: St Martin's Priory Dover Kent

THE HOUSE OF ANJOU Plantagenet includes:

Henry 2 1154-1189 Dynasty House of Anjou Plantagenet Parents: the eldest son of Matilda (daughter of Henry 1 of England, and Count Geoffery V of Anjou, Authority: King of England, Overlord of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland and western France Married : Eleanor of Aquitaine Children: 11, 3 illegitmate, 5 sons, Richard 1 and John his sucessors Buried: Fontevrault Abbey Maine France

Richard 1 Lionheart, 1189-1199, Dynasty House of Anjou Plantagenet Parents: 2d son of Henry 2 and Eleanor of Aquitane, Authority: King of England and ruler of western France Married: Berengaria of Navarre, the daughter of King Sancho V 1, Children: an acknowledged illegitimate son Buried: initally Fontevrault Abbey Maine France, his heart was buried at Rouen, later reburied in Westminster Abbey

John 'Lackland', 1199-1216 Dynasty House of Anjou Plantagenet Parents: the youngest and favorite son of Henry 2 and Elanor of Aquitane, Authority: King of England, with claims to Scotland, Wales, and western France, from 1185 Lord of Ireland Married; Isabella of Gloucester and Isabella children: 5 Henry 3, Richard, Isabella, and Eleanor, plus 5 illegitimate Buried: Newark Castle Nottinghamshire

Henry 3 1216-1272 Dynasty House of Anjoy Plantagenet Parents: the oldest son of Parents John and Isabella of Angouleme, Authority: King of England, with claims on Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Duke of Aquitaine Married: Eleanor of Provence Berengaria, Children: at least one Edward 1 Buried: Westminster Abbey

Edward 1 1272-1307 Dynasty House of Plantagenet Longshanks, Parents: eldest living son of Henry 3 and Eleanor of Provence. Authority: King of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, the Isle of Man (from 1290) and Duke of Aquitaine Married: Eleanor of Castile, Margaret of France, Children: 16 Joan, Margaret, Edward 2 Thomas of Brotherton and Edmund of Woodstock. Buried: Westminster Abbey

Edward 2 1307-1327 Edward of Caenarvan, Dynasty House of Plantagenet Parents: 4th son of Edward 1 and Eleanor of Castile. Authority: King of England and Wales, with claims on Ireland, Scotland, the Isle of Man (until 1313) Duke of Aquitaine Married: Isabella daughter of King Phillip 3 of France Children: 4 Edward 3 Buried: Gloucester Cathedral

Edward 3 1327-1377 Edward of Windsor King of the sea, Dynasty House of Plantagenet Parents: elder son of Edward 2 and Isabella of France. Authority: King of England, and Wales, with claims over Ireland, Scotland, the Isle of Man (from 1333) and France (13400 Married: Philippa of Hainault, Children: 12 Edward the Black Prince, Lionel of Antwerp, John of Gaunt, Thomas of Woodstock, Edmund of Langley Buriedl: Westminster Abbey

Richard 2 1377-1399 Richard of Bordeaux Dynasty House of Plantagenet Parents: 2d & only surviving son of Edward the Black Prince and Joan of Kent Authority: King of England and Wales, with claims over...

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