THE IMPACT OF ICT IN LIBRARY AUTOMATION IN THE SELECTED LIBRARIES OF DEHRADUN: A CASE STUDY.

Author:Sharma, Ajay Kumar
Position:Case study
 
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  1. Introduction

    Dehradun is the capital city of Uttarakhand and the hub of education and learning of the state. The city has prestigious schools and institutions like Doon School, Welham Boys and Girls School, Indian Institute of Petroleum, Forest Research Institute, Survey of India, Indian Military Academy, Archaeological Survey of India etc. Later on the development of Doon University and Uttarakhand Technical University has boosted its compatibility with the other educational institutions of the region. The neighboring city Mussoorie, known for its natural beauty and tourist centre, merely thirty kilometers away from dehradun also has school like Wood Stock and prestigious institution Lal Bahadur Shastri Academy of Public Administration and Institute of Technology Management (DRDO). These schools and institutions have given Dehradun an important place in the field of education and learning. Libraries of these institutions have numerous repositories of information in the form of books, serials, proceedings of meetings/seminars; writings, print and no print material information in electronic format for future reference and research.

    Information has been always resources for creating material welfare in the human society. The computer and information technology has helped the library professionals to preserve these print and non print materials in a systematic and logical order. Initially, the progress towards the development of the computer and Information Communication Technology was slow.

    The half of the twentieth century with the advent of Information Technology, which was the converging technology of computers, communication, media and a host of other microelectronic technologies.

    Information Technology is a term that has been heard since 1970s. This term refers to the technologies and applications developed through data processing and storage powers of computers. Computers were first produced to manipulate and store data. There have been remarkable changes in the life styles of people with all sorts of comforts and facilities. The advent of web technologies has provided great opportunities to interpersonal interactions for different purposes. Before we proceed to the further study of the subject we need to elaborate the Information, Communication, and Technology in a logical manner.

    Information

    Information is the main source of development of the society. No society can progress without the proper information. Hence the libraries, being the information centers, preserve and give the information to the new generations for research and development. The following definition of information can be derived from various sources. According to Oxford English Dictionary the term information can be defined as: "The action of informing; formation or molding of the mind or character training, instruction, teaching; communication of instructive knowledge." It also define the term as "the action of informing, communication of the knowledge or 'news' of some fact or occurrence; the action of telling or fact of being told of something." In other words "Knowledge communicated concerning some particular fact, subject, or event; that of which one is apprised or told; intelligence news." Therefore "Information" is the communicating of news, knowledge, or facts. It consists of data endowed with relevance and purpose. Its main function is to present facts so that man's vision is broadened, thereby enabling him to fight against the problems posed by ignorance and superstition. It is therefore considered to be a basic need of man, ranking after air, water, food, clothing, and shelter. Modern means of transport, computers, and telecommunications have reduced the world to a global village, wherein one need only plug in, in order to be connected to the whole world. According to Blumenthal "Information is data recorded, organized, related or interpreted within context to convey meaning". Therefore recently the information has been recognized as a valuable commodity, and the time may not be far off when information will function as a currency to be exchanged for goods and services all--over the world. It is therefore imperative that everybody realize the importance of information and have easy access to it.

    Communication

    The word communication has originated from Latin root communis meaning common. The Oxford English Dictionary defines the term Communication as "The action of communicating or imparting." It further explains the term by giving the following definitions: "The imparting, conveying, or exchange of ideas, knowledge, information etc. (whether by speech, writing, or signs)." Thus communication can mean, "That which communicated, or in which facts are communicated; a piece of information; a written paper containing observations." According to Webster Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Dictionary the term communication is "the act or process of communicating, fact of being communicated." It further explains "a document or message imparting news, views, information etc." Therefore communication is a process of imparting information to the need of the common masses for development of self and society.

    Technology

    The term Technology is derived from the Greek root Tecnologia which means treatment and Tech meaning art or craft. The term can be better understood as "A discourse or treatise on an art or arts; the scientific study of the practical or industrial arts." Webster Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Dictionary defines technology as "The branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, or society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science." The modern technology is being used for the up gradation of human society. The technology has totally changed the way of life and life style. Today we cannot live without the help of technological assistance in our lives.

  2. Scope and Objectives of Study

    The scope of this study is limited to the implementation of Information Communication Technology in the selected libraries of Dehradun city Uttarakhand. The study is intended to be carried over the potential implementation of the ICT in library housekeeping operation and its impact upon its users. This study is also intended to evaluate the users' response towards the effective implementation of Information Communication Technology in the libraries. the following libraries will be consulted:

  3. Institute of Management Studies Library, Mussoorie Road, Dehradun

  4. Doon Library and Research Centre, Parade Ground, Dehradun

  5. Songtsen Library: Centre for Tibetan and Himalayan Studies, Sahastradhara Road, Dehradun

  6. Central Library, Forest Research Institute, Chakrata Road, Dehradun

  7. Limitations

    There are two limits for conducting this study i.e. Time and Area limit. Area of study has been restricted to Dehradun city. We will not study all the libraries but only the selected libraries of the dehradun.

  8. Methodology

    The study to be conducted will be a survey type thus the best tool for a survey Research is mainly Questionnaire. Therefore, data will be collected through a questionnaire. This is an empirical study on the prominent selected libraries of Dehradun. This will also study the development of the libraries at the foothill of Himalayas, computer and Information Communication Technology and information services. It will also consider the use of library and information services to people by taking up sample. A group of population will be studied regarding their use of library and information services by taking a sample. Users' response survey will be conducted.

  9. Data Analysis

    Data collection for the study of the effective implementation of Information Communication Technology in the selected libraries of Dehradun was carried out personally by the researcher. It was done in a span of two weeks duration. Along with the questionnaire the researcher was personally engaged in conversation with the librarians and the users to find out the usefulness of the ICT in the library automation. This chapter collects the data and analyses them.

    Institute of Management Studies

    The Institute of Management Studies is located in Mussoorie Road, Dehradun. The natural beauty of hills and valleys around it, make it more special. The campus is away from the crowd of the city, which makes it more conducive for learning. It is the premier institute of Dehradun. The institute was established in 1996 and is approved by AICTE and affiliated to the Uttarakhand Technical University. It has over 2,200 students' studying in various streams and 220 Faculty Members and Staff's. The library of IMS, Dehradun is the central academic center for learning, with academic excellence in the field of education. Its membership is comprised of teachers, research scholars, students and staffs. IMS Dehradun offers a variety of exclusive facilities that have established it as a center of excellence for education in Management, Computer Applicatiom, Mass Communication and Law. LAN, WAN and Wi-Fi network to provide various IT services to its users in the campus.

    Information Related to the Library...

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