THE EXPANSION OF DIGITALLY MEDIATED LABOR: PLATFORM-BASED ECONOMY, TECHNOLOGY-DRIVEN SHIFTS IN EMPLOYMENT, AND THE NOVEL MODES OF SERVICE WORK.

Author:Mitea, Dana Raluca Elena
Position::Report
 
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  1. Introduction

    Digital platforms can reinforce creative and manageable mechanisms for inter-organizational relations via a diversity of allocated boundary resources enabling a greatly allotted and automated synchronization of operations avoiding close contact. The expansion and relevance of digital platforms functioning as multi-sided markets are swiftly progressing, furthering social arrangements, smartphone app outlets or the sharing economy. (de Reuver, S0rensen, and Basole, 2018)

  2. Literature Review

    Platforms can enable the mutation of undertakings that typically depended on the employment relationship into operations of independent contracting. Effective platforms have rearranged industries that had already built upon some type of self-employment. Platforms may accelerate the remote supply of services, therefore likely bringing about the offshoring of tasks from local labor markets (Andrei et al., 2016; Hayes and Jandric, 2017; Mihaila, 2016; Nica and Taylor, 2017; Stroe, 2018) and beyond the control of bounded taxation and regulatory schemes. Matching platforms that establish earnings and contract conditions (Havu, 2017; Machan, 2017; Nica, 2017; Popescu Ljungholm, 2016) are remarkably in agreement with security that correlates, or entirely adheres to, typical worker protection. (Drahokoupil and Jepsen, 2017)

  3. Methodology

    Using data from JPMorgan Chase Institute, U.S. Labor Department, and The Wall Street Journal, I performed analyses and made estimates regarding cumulative percent of adults who have ever participated in the online platform economy, percent of total income coming from online platforms in active months, share of active participants employed in a non-platform job and the official unemployment rate, year-over-year growth in total earnings in the online platform economy each month, and the rise of app-based companies.

  4. Results and Discussion

    Sharing among unknown persons used to entail such significant expenses related to checking and negotiating that most individuals did not participate in stranger sharing. With the onset of Internet use, transaction expenditures have decreased considerably and thus numerous online marketplaces for sharing have developed. The sharing economy covers consumer-to-consumer cooperation (Freeman-Moir, 2017; Koppel and Kolencik, 2018; Mihaila, Popescu, and Nica, 2016; Petcu, 2017), encompasses provisional access either by borrowing or renting, and involves a superior utilization of otherwise...

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