THE EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY POWER OUTAGE ON THE PROVISION OF ELECTRONIC NEWSPAPER SERVICES SAMUEL ADEGBOYEGA UNIVERSITY, OGWA, EDO STATE, NIGERIA.

Author:Dina, Toyin
 
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INTRODUCTION

Electronic library provides access to information resources in electronic format which complements print collection. Electronic newspaper is an on-line version of print newspapers. To that extent, electricity is a critical infrastructure which would enhance the provision of e-newspaper services. According to Ighodaro (2010), electric power supply affects the efficacy and competitiveness of every critical economic and social activity which includes university library services.

Electricity has been described as the life wire of a robust electronic library services in any part of the world. Therefore, constant electric power supply with high speed internet access would likely facilitate the effective provision of electronic newspaper resources in THE 21st century university libraries. In Nigeria, however, power outages affect the provision of e-newspaper services (Akinwale 2010).

The Power Holding Company of Nigeria Plc. (PHCN) is vested with the responsibility of electricity supply in Nigeria. However, the failure of PHCN to provide adequate and reliable electricity to consumers including University libraries still generates a confidence-crisis in the country. Ifedi (2005) observed that public confidence in PHCN's ability to supply uninterrupted and stable electric power is so low that consumers coined a term for the organization's former acronym, NEPA (Never Expect Power Always) for National Electric Power Authority.

Problem confronting PHCN has been linked to low investment in power generation over the years. All the plants are very old. Thirty six percent of them are over twenty five years old, 48 percent are over twenty years old, and no new plant has been installed in the last fifteen years prior to the advent of civilian administration in 1999 (Agbo 2007; Idris 2013). With this it is pertinent to note that the power supply situation in the country has not improved in the last ten years despite huge investments government claimed to have invested on it. This has necessitated the move to restructure and privatize PHCN declared Agbo (2007).

Besides ICT infrastructure which facilitates the running of e-newspaper services are oftentimes damaged by power surges that usually accompany epileptic power supply (Kadiri and Adetoro, 2012). Most University libraries in Nigeria have now resulted to using power generating sets to provide basic services. It is ironical that, in spite of the enormous power generation potential that Nigeria has, about 60 percent of the country still has no access to electric power supply (UNDP 2001; Ajanaku 2007 and Adegbamigbe 2007).

Regular ELECTRIC power supply is the primary infrastructure for provision of electronic newspaper services (Uwaifo, 2013). Nigeria is richly endowed with various energy sources, crude oil, natural gas, coal, hydropower, solar energy, fissionable materials for nuclear energy. Yet the country consistently suffers from energy shortage, a major impediment to industrial, technological and electronic library growth.

E-Newspaper

E-newspapers are newspapers which are published electronically as against the traditional ones which are in the hard copy or in print. They take the form of normal print publications published on the Internet. It is also an additional or complementary content to print publications published on-line; or original publications published exclusively on the World Wide Web. Many news organizations require subscription to e-newspapers, just like regular print newspapers are purchased (Panda and Dillip, 2011).

As a product and form of media, e-newspapers first emerged in the mid-1990s with the popularization of the internet. As more households gained access to the internet, people began to use the Web as a news source. With a demand for news media on-line, many organizations used this opportunity for additional subscriptions, an expanded readership, and more advertising revenue. E-Newspapers, like most websites, utilize all of the tools of the internet. E-newspapers follow the style arrangement of most print newspapers opined (Bucher, Buffel and Wollscheid, 2005).

As the news media evolves into the 20th century, many news organizations have developed Web-only publications. These e-newspapers feature content only found on the internet, and have taken shape in many different venues of the medium. Joke papers have emerged to spoof real newspapers; specialty papers have emerged for a younger Internet audience to highlight entertainment news, sports, celebrities, and hundreds of small niches (Heikenfeld, 2011).

The advent of e-newspapers has allowed for the practice of "news snacking." This new development of the internet age has provided viewers the opportunity to click from one story to another, one source to another, to gain a quick idea of big headlines and interesting stories. E-newspapers have also allowed for frequent commenting on site, and have given writers and reporters the opportunity to share their opinions in the form of adjacent web logs and personal sites (Eriksson and Akesson 2007).

Brief Information on Samuel Adegboyega University (SAU)

Samuel Adegboyega University Ogwa, founded by The Apostolic Church, LAWNA Territory, Nigeria. The University was named after Pastor Samuel Adegboyega who was the first LAWNA Territorial Chairman and one of the founding fathers of The Apostolic Church (TAC), Nigeria. The institution received license from the National Universities Commission on Monday March 7, 2011 as the 45th Private and 117th overall in the Nigerian university system. SAU is currently ranked 68th in the current Nigeria University Webometric ranking. (Samuel Adegboyega University, proposal...

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