The Driving Force Behind Cybercrime: Cyber Resilience and Cybercriminology

Date01 August 2021
Published date01 August 2021
Subject MatterIntroduction
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
2021, Vol. 37(3) 308 –310
© The Author(s) 2021
Article reuse guidelines:
DOI: 10.1177/10439862211001631
The Driving Force Behind
Cybercrime: Cyber Resilience
and Cybercriminology
Cybercrime defies conventional geographical and temporal boundaries and is a threat
to national and personal security. As global dependence on technology and digital data
deepens, so too will the hazards of cybercrime. With new technological and industrial
changes accompanying the fourth industrial revolution, cybercrime studies must con-
sistently adapt to stay up-to-date on the ever-increasing types of cybercrime developed
by cybercriminals.
This special issue intends to focus on a wide-range of cybercrime topics that are
relevant to the theme, including, but are not limited to: recent cases of severe security
breaches, identity theft, digital fraud, cyber-terrorism, and online interpersonal crimes.
Cybercriminology is the interdisciplinary study of the causes behind cybercrime which
combines knowledge from criminology, psychology, sociology, political science,
computer science, computer engineering, cybersecurity, and any scientific discipline
that delivers an in-depth understanding of the nature of cybercrime in the criminal
justice field. In light of the cybercriminology perspective, the presented articles not
only introduce the current issues of cybercrime, but they also incorporate multimodal
research techniques that leverage qualitative, quantitative, and technological tech-
niques to better understand and explain cybercrime. This special issue also discusses
the important drivers and disrupters of the changes in cybercrime in the near future and
addresses the importance of technology-related issues within this area, in particular,
the global challenges relative to the development of effective criminal justice policies
and/or preventive measures against cybercrimes.
Despite its relatively short history, many cybercrime researchers/cybercriminolo-
gists have tested the application of general crime-related theories, for example, social
control, self-control, routine activity and lifestyle, and delinquency theories, to cyber-
crime, whereas the other involves integrated theory testing or creating new theories
pertaining to cybercrime. Interestingly, not many researchers applied macro-theoreti-
cal frameworks in efforts to explain cybercrime phenomenon in the past. Dearden
et al. (2021) examine Messner and Rosenfeld’s institutional anomie theory and uncover
how institutional anomie correlates with increased cybercrime activity using a national
sample of 215 self-admitted cybercriminals as a macro-theoretical approach.
Building upon the integrated framework that combines conflict theory and space
transition theory, Lee et al. (2021) theorized that changeable identity of offenders,
space convertibility, and criminal opportunity at low risk of detection within cyber-
space can be applied in efforts to understand cyber-terrorism. The authors describe the
1001631CCJXXX10.1177/10439862211001631Journal of Contemporary Criminal JusticeChoi

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