A Survey on using online database by faculty members and graduate students at Shahid Beheshti University.

Author:Dehghani, Neda
 
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Introduction

Iranian research and academic centers have provided information databases since the 1990s, and now, by providing electronic databases, Iranian academic libraries try to provide faculty members and students with the latest scientific information (Jowkar and adaehghani, 2006, p. 83). The importance of this issue is double in the field of medicine and related matters, which deals with the health of humans, in addition to educational, research and creating content issues, the correct and principled treatment of patients is also possible using and studing updated information. The databases that universities share in and provide to their researchers are one of information systems types that can be studied the use rate of them. Nowadays, the collection creation program of many libraries and research centers involves purchasing electronic resources and sharing relevant resources. Meanwhile, the studies of users of these electronic resources are considered as necessary for libraries and research centers in terms of the frequency of use, the reasons for using these resources, the types of use of these resources, the views and thoughts of the user on the sources, types of the use of these resources, the opinions of users about these resources, the rate and reasons of user satisfaction, unmet needs and demographic data. Voorbij and Ongerin (2006) believe that only user studies can reveal the motivations, beliefs, aspirations and problems of users in the use of information resources. This study is necessary to help the officials of Shahid Beheshti University's information centers to adopt policies for choosing and providing electronic resources, including databases based on users' demand.

This study aimed to determine the used rate the shared databases by faculty members and graduate students of Shahid Beheshti University. The sub-objectives of this study are:

  1. Identifying the use rate the shared databases by faculty members and graduate students of Shahid Beheshti University and determining the reasons for using these databases by these individuals.

  2. Determining the rate of the user's success in interacting with the Shahid Beheshti University's shared databases and identifying the strengths and weaknesses of access to these databases in response to user's needs.

  3. Determining the estimated information needs of faculty members and graduate students of Shahid Beheshti University by Shahid Beheshti University's shared databases.

  4. Identifying the main motive to search information in Shahid Beheshti University's shared databases by faculty members and graduate students of this university.

  5. Identifying the restrictive factors in the optimal use of Shahid Beheshti University's shared databases by faculty members and graduate students of this university.

  6. Identifying the attitudes of faculty members and graduate students of Shahid Beheshti University about the need to train the use of Shared Beheshti University's shared databases.

  7. Identify the rate of faculty members and graduate students' satisfaction or dissatisfaction of Shahid Beheshti University from shared databases of this university

  8. Determining the most used and least used shared database of Shahid Beheshti University.

    Several studies have been conducted on utilizing the shared electronic resources. In a study titled "investigating the use rate of Ankara University's faculty members from the digital library, Atilgan, D., & D. Bayram (2006) concluded that most faculty members are aware of the shared information sources. Their research showed that the most used databases of Ankara University's faculty members were ISI, Ebsco, ScienceDirect; also the research was most important reason for using these databases. The main reasons of respondents in the lack of use of databases were unawareness how to use the databases and meet the information needs through other sources. Angel Borrego et al. (2007) reviewed the faculty members in the Consortium of Catalonia University Library for the use of electronic journals. Aboue 95% of studied individuals stated that they are very familiar with electronic journals, and 52% of them mainly use electronic journals. The main reasons of those who did not use electronic journals were the lack of familiarity with these journals and the lack of electronic journals with association with their disciplines. In response to the preference of electronic journals on printed journals, 76% of respondents expressed that they preferable the electronic version if there are both print version and electronic version of a journal. Kayaoglu (2008) reviwed the use of electronic journals by the faculty members of Istanbul University, Turkey. Most of the participants in his study expressed that they use e-journals a lot; he also found that there is a significant relationship between the use of e-journals and the field of study of individuals. The users of these resources, who were the student of basic science and medical, used them for training, flipping, research and updating themselves, and the students of human sciences did not use the resources. From the faculty members' view, the most important advantages of e-journals in comparison with printed journals included the twenty-four-hour access to these journals, no need to attend in library, accessing to past numbers, being meta-text of journals, and accessing the more up-to-date versions. Trivedi, M., & A. Joshi (2009) found in a study titled "the use of e-journals versus printed journals by medical researchers at the HM Patel of Medical Sciences, that most researchers use e-journals as much as print journals. This study showed major problems in the lack of optimal use of e-journals, the lack of computer skills, the inability to retrieve accurate and appropriate medical...

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