A survey of children's and young adult books in Iran: 2000-2008.

Author:Azad, Mina Akhbari
Position:Report
 
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Introduction

This paper presents a study of children's and young adult books in Iran from 2000-2008. The books were published for the first time in Iran, in the Persian language.

Iran is a country located in the geographical territories of the Middle East and Southern Asia, whose civilization has a 6,000 year history, with 2,500 years recorded, and is the home of many literary masterpieces. Pooladi (2005) says that, "Children's and young adult books and literature in Iran do not have a long history, although historians believe that they have been around for a long time. Children literature as an independent literature dates from the Constitutional Revolution" Before that time, Iran has many legends, poems, epics, myth, folklore, and fables that children could enjoy, but these are not exclusively children's and young adult literature. Hejazi (1998) says that, "Oral and folklore literature in Iran are very rich but there should be more progress in printed literature". Ghezelayagh (2004) adds that, "evidence shows that many years ago, adults educated children, but not everyone could read books. Printed materials belonged to the upper classes of society. Most people and children only listened and retold oral literature" (Ghezelayagh, 2004).

In the past, the amount of children's literature was insignificant. Finally, adult authors addressed the needs of children. Iranian literary masterpieces such as Shahnameh, Ghaboosnameh, Kalileh va Dimne, Golestan, and Masnavi have messages and moral points that children could understand and enjoy. The Constitutional Revolution (1906), and before that the establishment of the printing Industry (1816) in Iran, the establishment of new schools instead of "Maktab" (old schools in Iran) gave children more attention and gradually created special literature for them.

At first, educational books were produced for teaching in new schools, and after a few years, Iranian children's and young adult authors such as Jabbar Baghcheban, (1885-1966), Abbas Yamini Sharif (1919-1989) and Samad Behrangi (1939-1968) became active. Finally, children's and young adult literature in Iran developed an independent identity. In the last thirty years, authors and publishers have created many literary materials for children and young adults in Iran. Researchers have a wide realm for studying these literary works.

What do we mean by children's and young adult books? These are books which are written for readers up to 18 years old, for...

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