Byline: Michaela Paukner, firstname.lastname@example.org
Questions of double jeopardy in a case involving child sexual assault have split the Wisconsin Supreme Court.
The high court issued an opinion onWednesdayabout a Lincoln County case that charged a man twice with the sexual assault of a 15-year-old after he had been found to be the father of her child.
The state first charged Alexander Schultz with repeated sexual assault of a child in 2013. Prosecutors accused him of having sex with the 15-year-old in "late summer to early fall of 2012," when Schultz was 19 or 20 years old.
A jury acquitted him of the charge, but five days after his acquittal, a paternity test found Schultz was the father of the girl's child. The state then charged Schultz with sexual assault "on or about Oct. 19, 2012," the date the girl's obstetrician decided the child was conceived.
Schultz pleaded guilty to the second charge, and the circuit court denied his motion for postconviction relief. The Court of Appeals rejected his argument that the state had violated double-jeopardy clauses.
The state Supreme Court took up the case, and a majority affirmed the appellate court on Wednesday.
Chief Justice Pat Roggensack and Justices Rebecca Bradley, Dan Kelly and Annette Ziegler decided Schultz wasn't twice in jeopardy for the same offense because the first trial didn't encompass the same timeframe of the offense charged in the second prosecution.
The majority found the court may examine the entire record of the first proceeding, including evidence admitted at trial, when determining the scope of jeopardy in a previous criminal prosecution. The record included a police report, which Bradley said "plainly establishes the timeframe" for the first instances of assault.
"Contrary to Schultz's argument, however, no binding authority limits courts to using the record only to determine the subjective understanding of the parties in the...