Socioeconomic analysis: A case of Tharparkar

Date01 November 2018
Published date01 November 2018
Socioeconomic analysis: A case of Tharparkar
Saeed Siyal
|Xiaobao Peng
|Abdul Waheed Siyal
School of Public Affairs, University of
Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
School of Management, University of
Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
Saeed Siyal, School of Public Affairs,
University of Science and Technology of
China, Hefei, China.
Tharparkar is oneof the arid zones of Sindh province whichis highly affected due to its
drought natureand the changes in climate. Thesechanges are posing the seriousthreats
to the life and livelihood of the surrounding community. This study aims to explore the
social and economicconditions of theTharparkar and the role of governmentand social
enterprisesand nongovernmentalorganizations(NGOs) to make the livelihoodand socio-
economic conditions of the Tharparkar better and comfortable. The data was collected
from the currentliterature, visits tothe studied population, andinterviews from the com-
mon people and some officials of government as wellas social enterprises and NGOs.
1 What are the current social issues and living conditions of the
people of Tharparkar?
2 What is the role of government in solving the social issues and
improving the living conditions of the people of Tharparkar?
3 What is the role of social enterprises and nongovernmental orga-
nizations (NGOs) in solving the social issues and improving the liv-
ing conditions of the people of Tharparkar?
Tharparkar is one of the several districts of Sindh province of Pakistan,
consisting of several talukas or subdistricts, namely, Mithi, Diplo,
Chachro, and Nagarparkar (Herani, Rajar, & Dhakan, 2007). Its head-
quarter is Mithi. The Human development Index of Tharparkar is the
lowest of all the other districts of Sindh (Riphah Social Welfare Depart-
ment Tharparkar ………The Drought,2016). Tharparkar is the only dis-
trict of Pakistan that has more than 50% of Hindu population with a
total population of 1.65 million (Pakistan, 2018). The political history
shows that the government inTharparkar as well as in the whole prov-
ince of Sindh is governed by Pakistan people's party for many years up
till now. It has a literacy ratio of 18.32%, with higher male literacy rate
of 28.33% as compared with that of female which is 6.91% in 1998.
The literacy ratio of Tharparkar shows sharp differences by sex and
area. In urban areas, the ratio is 57.27% as compared with that of rural
that is only 16.35% (Herani et al., 2007). Due to being deserted area,
Tharparkar lacks rainfalls and permanent source of fresh water that
results in causing diseases (Facilitated, 2014). The desert inTharparkar
is the largest desert in Pakistan and the 18th largest desert of the world
covering 22,000 km of area (Members, 2015).
InTharparkar, several diseases exist in humans and animals. The ani-
mal disease sheep pox is caused because of the drought conditions
(Report et al., 2013), and certain diseases also exist in peacocks (Mem-
bers, 2015). Consequently, due to drought conditions and poverty rea-
sons, the women are also devoid of proper medical care and diet, which
causes the abnormalities, exposure to disease, and premature or early
deaths. The unavailability of freshwater makes people drink saline
water, which causes abdominal problems in men, women, and children,
and the color of their teeth turns yellow because of the continuous use
of saline water (Members, 2015). Due to the lack of basic health infra-
structure, small ratio of doctors deprived maternity services. Very high
birth rates, huge families, malnutrition, and high occurrence of disease
caused by water are recognized as the main reason of infant mortality.
Several such deaths remain unreported (Drought, 2014). Present occur-
rence of malnutrition is caused because of the increasing deaths in live-
stock. Other health issues existing in Tharparkar include pneumonia,
diarrhea, and weight loss during birth and early deliveries. Mobility issue
is one of the major challenge faced by the communities because the
health and other facilities are at a certain distance and people have to
travel long to avail them (Province, 2014).
Tharparkar has beenhighlighted for his worst drought conditions since
long due to beingthe deserted part of the province. The Governmentof
Sindh has taken certain initiatives to improve the social and economic
conditionsof the people residing there. It hasbeen endeavoring to pro-
vide the basic facilitates including food, health, and education, which
Received: 7 June 2018 Accepted: 17 June 2018
DOI: 10.1002/pa.1847
J Public Affairs. 2018;18:e1847.
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, 1of3

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