Social Capital in Development Planning: Linking the Actors Nanetti, Raffaella Y., Holguin, Catalina. 2016. 267 pp. $120 hardcover.

Published date01 November 2018
Date01 November 2018
Edited by Nanetti, Raffaella Y. |Holguin, Catalina
2016. 267 pp. $120 hardcover.
People are exchanging their opinions and affairs with others, and by
doing this interchanges, people form organizations or communities.
Once communities are formed, there might be occurred a hierarchical
stratum because people are likely to communicate others within the
same class. Then the conflicts among different class can be raised nec-
essarily. When forming a community, school ties, blood ties, capital
strength, and political power are causes curtail social equity among
other people in the community. Social capital can mitigate this prob-
lem so the building solid and genuine social capital is inevitable for
the community.
There are representatively two ways to build social capital. One
way is Bondingand the other way is Bridging.Bonding means
building social capital among members feeling homogenous fellow-
ship. Otherwise, bridging is connecting others belong to respective
groups or class feeling heterogeneous fellowship. In perspective of
overall society, the way of bridging in community could embrace a
neglected class of people those are weaker parties. This can draw faith
in community, which is the most important factor in social capital.
However, notable point is, it couldn't be said that the bonding is
not important in building social capital in community because the
bridging also means connecting bonded group with other bonded
group. Since sensible way of bridging is seeking the solution how to
reduce complaints from community members in liking different in kind
of groups. For easy understanding between bonding and bridging, it
can be organized as the followingTable 1.
The bonding is a way of building social capital those who have
membership. They are in homogeneous social class and seeking similar
benefits. If someone have insufficient requirement to join bonded
group, it might be difficult to obtain membership. In other words, the
bonded groups have exclusive characteristic and collectivism and
might cause conflicts among other bonded groups. However, bridged
community is open for everyone. It can be said that bridging is
connecting overall citizens for making one community. Religious orga-
nizations and public educational institutions can be good examples for
bridged community. Especially in religious organizations, vulnerable
group can freely lead a religious life and do volunteer activities.
People these days, facial communication among citizens is reduc-
ing due to information and technology development. Moreover,
socially vulnerable people are alienated hardly and interest conflicts
between groups are raised sharply. To alleviate these problems, it
should be enabled to share respective viewpoints and perspectives
among others by forming bridging.
Solidarity among people usually starts from familiarity. If opportu-
nities for socialization are frequent, mutual understanding can be
deeper and possibility for building high solidity community can be
higher. Forming this kind of community means realizing faithand
mutual interchangeto society. Without faith, it is difficult for build-
ing a sense of fellowship due to collectivism. Also, without mutual
interchanges, desirable community cannot be come out because the
desirable community is formed by frequent meetings among people
physically. Even if extraneous aids are made financially and politically
to form community, it is hard to raising social equity in lack of faith
and mutual interchangesamong people. Consequently, for making com-
munity enhancing social equity, it should be involvedrecognition about
inevitable faith and mutual interchanges among people in community.
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in
the public, commercial, or notforprofit sectors.
This research has no conflict of interest to declare.
Intae Choi
Intae Choi
Yonsei University
Intae Choi, Yonsei University, Yonhee Hall 302, 50, Yonseiro, Seodaemungu, Seoul
03722, Republic of Korea.
TABLE 1 Comparison between the bonding and the bridging
Bonding Bridging
Trait Exclusive Inclusive
Subject Assigned member No restriction
Entry Level Difficult Simple
Link Scope Only among belonged
Overall society citizens
for Society
Only for relevant
Can increase overall
social equity
Received: 12 June 2018 Accepted: 14 June 2018
DOI: 10.1002/pa.1846
J Public Affairs. 2018;18:e1846.
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, 1of1

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