The academic library has been from its inception an integral part of institutions of higher learning, rather than an appendix or adjunct (Aguolu, 1989). The academic library, like any other formal establishment, is designed and run people whose job is to combine and use organizational resources to achieve organizational objectives. The term administration is used to identify this group of people.
Over the past 25 years, academic libraries have been affected by changes in information technology. The rate of change is still accelerating in this area. The introduction of various Information Technology (IT) trends has led to reorganizations, changes in work patterns, demand for new skills, job retraining, and reclassification of positions. Etim's (2004) view is illuminating:
The technological development of the past 25 years, such as the electronic database, online services, CD-ROMs, and the introduction of Internet has radically transformed access to information. Similarly, Afolabi (2004) averred that:
In recent years, certain social administrative and psychological forces make it mandatory for information professions in general and librarian in particular to acquire skills in technology, marketing and entrepreneurship or become irrelevant in the 21st century science and technologically driven information society. In this period of constant change, library managers should know that they are in the business of communicating. They are responsible for management of ideas, beliefs, and information. Traditionally there are two components within the administrative structure of the academic library. The first is the collated information, i.e., in written, printed and electronic format. The other component is the intellectual tool set: the skills such as cataloguing, indexing, and reference work.
This paper seeks to discuss the role of new and emerging Information and Communication Technology (ICTS) in achieving change, and discuses the idea of academic libraries as the constantly revised invention of people working together.
Recent developments in the field of information and communication technologies, as a result of the convergence of computing and telecommunication technologies, has had significant impact on library and information center management. Different technologies creates different time horizons, values, job design, and skills has prompted the creation of structures and managements styles that fit the technology...