This category covers establishments primarily engaged in furnishing trucking or transfer services without storage for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds, in a single municipality, contiguous municipalities, or a municipality and its suburban areas. Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing local courier services for letters, parcels, and packages generally weighing less than 100 pounds are classified in SIC 4215: Courier Services Except Air; those engaged in collecting and disposing of refuse by processing and destruction of materials are classified in SIC 4953: Refuse Systems. Those establishments involved in removing overburden from mines or quarries are classified in various mining industries, while establishments such as construction contractors engaged in hauling dirt and rock as part of their construction activity are classified in various construction industries.
Solid Waste Collection
Hazardous Waste Collection
Other Waste Collection
General Freight Trucking, Local
Used Household and Office Goods Moving
Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Trucking, Local
Trucks represent virtually the sole means of transporting freight in intracity and local markets—operating zones of 50 miles or less. Such diverse products as bakery goods, dry cleaning, auto products, fuel for service station pumps, and vending machine supplies are only a few of the enormous variety of goods delivered by local trucking firms.
Although over-the-road intercity truckers are the most visible segment of the industry as a whole, the trucking industry itself grew out of local, short-haul trucking in the early years of the twentieth century, when automobiles began to be converted into trucks to haul the freight traditionally transported by horse-drawn wagons.
The industry is divided into two types of establishments: private carriers who own or lease trucks to transport their products to customers, and for-hire carriers who contract with shippers to transport their goods for them. All companies in this industry are divided roughly in half between corporations and individual proprietorships or partnerships.
In 2001, the overall industry leader was Savage Industries Inc. of Salt Lake City, with revenues of $12.9 billion and 1,000 employees. Savage handled a diverse array of products, such as coal, chemicals, combustion byproducts, petroleum coke...