This industry includes establishments primarily engaged in operating coin-operated amusement devices, either in their own or in other places of business. Such amusement devices include jukeboxes, pinball machines, mechanical games, electronic games, pool tables, shuffle alleys, electronic darts, video games, kiddie rides, prize dispensing machines, and slot machines. Amusement (including video game) arcades and parlors are also included in this industry.
Other Gambling Industries
All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries
Coin-operated amusement devices can be found in a variety of locations. Primary locales include taverns and bars, restaurants, retail stores, and shopping malls, which often include one or more video arcade establishments. Other locales include bus terminals, hotels, grocery stores, and truck stops. The largest establishments making use of the devices are arcades, family entertainment centers (FECs), casual dining facilities with large game rooms, and gambling operations, including casinos and horse racing tracks in states that allow them to have slot machines as a means for competing with casinos.
The modern-day FEC began to emerge in the 1980s and differed from past entertainment areas that featured coin-operated amusement arcades, which were commonly found in theme and amusement parks or in vacation or downtown areas and relied on tourism. The modern FEC is usually a large indoor facility set in a residential area and offers multiple attractions, including play areas, miniature golf or bowling, and sections with coin- and/or token-operated games. The development in the 1970s of soft, contained play equipment, safe for children to bump against, helped spawn the modern FEC, allowing developers to combine large and adventurous play and gaming areas.
Many FECs depend on coin- and/or token-operated games. Per capita expenditures are less than $15 per visit, so FECs rely on repeat visits and a steady flow of new customers. Token-oriented games account for 25 percent of the income of these establishments. Sports 'n' Games Funplex, in East Hanover, New Jersey, and Enchanted Castle, in Lombard, Illinois, which date to the 1980s and the advent of the FEC, are examples. Sports 'n' Games Funplex is a 100,000-square-foot indoor family entertainment center, open year round, hosting over 500,000 guests annually. Enchanted Castle...