Serious Offense: Considering the Severity of the Charged Offense When Applying the Military Pre-Trial Confinement Rules

Author:Major Ryan W. Leary
Pages:131-152
 
FREE EXCERPT
2014] OFFENSES & PRE-TRIAL CONFINEMENT 131
SERIOUS OFFENSE: CONSIDERING THE SEVERITY OF
THE CHARGED OFFENSE WHEN APPLYING THE
MILITARY’S PRE-TRIAL CONFINEMENT RULES
MAJOR RYAN W. LEARY*
I. Introduction—An Empty Chair
Where is he? The courtroom clock chews through the minutes, and
when the start time for the court-martial arrives, the Accused’s chair is
empty. The government counsel look at the Accused’s chair, glance at
the Accused’s commander, share a knowing look with defense counsel,
and look back at the empty chair. On the second day of the trial of
Sergeant (SGT) Kirk Evenson, it becomes apparent to all parties in the
courtroom that the Accused will not be present to face charges of raping
and sexually assaulting a minor child. After a brief hearing outside the
presence of the panel, the military judge allows the government to
proceed with its case against SGT Evenson in absentia. Following the
close of evidence, an enlisted panel convicts SGT Evenson of raping,
sodomizing, and sexually assaulting a minor child, and subsequently
sentences him to confinement for life without the possibility of parole.1
* Judge Advocate, U.S. Army. Presently assigned as Associate Professor, Contract and
Fiscal Law Department, The Judge Advocate General’s School, U.S. Army,
Charlottesville, Virginia. LL.M., 2013, The Judge Advocate General’s School, U.S.
Army, Charlottesville, Virginia; J.D., 2007, Campbell University; B.A., 2001, U.S.
Military Academy. Previous assignments include Company Executive Officer, Alpha
Company, 319th Military Intelligence Battalion, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 2002–2003;
Battalion Intelligence Officer, 51st Signal Battalion, Fort Bragg, North Carolina 2003–
2004; Operational Law Attorney, XVIII Airborne Corps, Baghdad, Iraq, 2008–2009;
Trial Counsel, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, North Carolina 2009–2010; Brigade
Judge Advocate, 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, Fort Riley,
Kansas, 2010–2012. Member of the bar of North Carolina. This article was submitted in
partial completion of the Master of Laws requirements of the 61st Judge Advocate
Officer Graduate Course. The author wishes to thank the following individuals who
assisted in the drafting of this article: Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin K. Grimes, Major
Keirsten H. Kennedy, Major Laura A. O’Donnell, Captain Justin C. Barnes, and Mr.
Charles J. Strong.
1 This assertion is based on the author’s recent professional experiences as the Brigade
Judge Advocate, 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, Fort Riley
Kansas from June 6, 2010 to July 10, 2012 [hereinafter Professional Experiences]. As
the co-counsel for the Government in United States v. SGT Kirk Evenson, I was involved
in and present during all facets of the case. I personally participated in the presentation
of evidence against Sergeant (SGT) Evenson and was in the courtroom, at the counsel’s
table, when SGT Evenson failed to report to the second day of his trial and when the
panel delivered its findings and sentencing in this case.
132 MILITARY LAW REVIEW [Vol. 221
The day after SGT Evenson was convicted of these heinous crimes,
he was discovered hiding-out in a nearby hotel. In short order, countless
local and federal law enforcement officers descended upon the hotel. In
a scene befitting an action movie, police cars and emergency vehicles
littered the hotel parking lot, snipers leveled their rifle scopes on the
hotel windows, a special weapons and tactics (SWAT) team clad in body
armor hustled into their positions, and the heads of several agencies
huddled in a makeshift command center in the hotel lobby to prepare for
the ensuing confrontation.2 After a protracted stand-off, law enforcement
officers cut a hole in the hotel door and forced their way into SGT
Evenson’s room.3 The officers, armed with MP5s and side-arms,
tactically cleared the room and demanded SGT Evenson peacefully
submit himself to arrest.4 But SGT Evenson resisted, and he was shot
twenty-one times, dying as a result.5 The book abruptly closed on SGT
Evenson’s life, and the questions began to mount. How could this
happen? Was this result avoidable? Why was SGT Evenson not placed
in pre-trial confinement when facing such serious charges?6
The purpose of this article is to examine the current Rules for
Courts-Martial (RCM) as those rules pertain to pre-trial confinement in
cases like SGT Evenson’s. The circumstances surrounding SGT
Evenson’s trial and his ultimate fate serve as a vehicle for a broader
discussion of how the military pre-trial confinement system, when
2 Id. While traveling to Denver, Colorado, during time off from work for Labor Day
Weekend, the lead Criminal Investigative Division (CID) agent contacted the author and
informed me that they located SGT Evenson at the Holiday Inn Express in Abilene,
Kansas. As Abilene was along the route to Denver, I requested access to the scene in
order to provide local and federal law enforcement agents with any background
information they might need in their efforts to defuse the stand-off. I was allowed to
enter the hotel lobby and received a briefing from the tactical commander.
3 See Captain James E. Jones, Army Regulation 15-6 Report of Investigation on the
Circumstances Surrounding the Death of Sergeant Kirk Evenson exhibit L (19 June 2012)
[hereinafter CPT Jones, AR 15-6 Investigation] (on file with the Admin. Law Div.,
Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, 1st Infantry Div., Fort Riley, Kan.).
4 Id.
5 See id.; see also Associated Press, AWOL Riley Sergeant Killed During Standoff, ARMY
TIMES (Sep. 2, 2011, 7:27 PM), http://www.armytimes.com/news/2011/09/ap-awol-riley-
sergeant-killed-during-standoff-090211/; Ft. Riley Soldier on Trial for Child Rape Killed
in Standoff, WIBW (Sep. 1, 2011, 7:57 PM), http://www.saljournal.
com/news/story/soldier-killed-9-1-11; AWOL Fort Riley Soldier Dies After Police
Standoff in Abilene, SALINA POST (Sep. 2, 2011), http://salinapost.com/
2011/09/02/awol-fort-riley-soldier-dies-after-police-standoff/.
6 See Soldier Killed in Standoff Hadn’t Been Confined, SALINA J. (Sep. 2, 2011, 3:03
AM), http://www.saljournal.com/news/story/soldier-killed-9-1-11.

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