Byline: Derek Hawkins
7th Circuit Court of Appeals
Case Name: Joshua E. Shepherd v. Jeffrey E. Krueger
Case No.: 17-1362
Officials: EASTERBROOK, ROVNER, and HAMILTON, Circuit Judges.
Focus: Sentencing Guidelines
Petitioner-appellant Joshua E. Shepherd was pulled over by the police in Kentucky. The officers found marijuana and a gun in his car. He pleaded guilty in federal court to one count of possession of marijuana with intent to distribute, one count of being a felon in possession of a firearm, and two counts for criminal forfeiture. At sentencing, the district judge in Kentucky applied an Armed Career Criminal Act ("ACCA") enhancement based on his prior convictions and sentenced Shepherd to the mandatory minimum fifteen years in prison. See 18 U.S.C. 924(e). For nearly ten years, Shepherd has been challenging the enhanced sentence under ACCA. The Sixth Circuit affirmed on direct appeal, and several courts have declined to overturn his sentence in collateral attacks under 28 U.S.C. 2255.
Shepherd seeks relief under 2241 to take advantage of the "inadequate or ineffective" exception in 2255(e), the scope of which is controversial both within this circuit and beyond. See Webster v. Daniels, 784 F.3d 1123 (7th Cir. 2015) (en banc) (reversing denial of 2241 petition by vote of six to five); In re Davenport, 147 F.3d 605, 60809 (7th Cir. 1998); see also, e.g., Prost v...