Section VI - Law Enforcement Personnel

Pages:06
 
FREE EXCERPT

SECTION VI

Law Enforcement Personnel

Law enforcement personnel provide services in cities, colleges and universities, suburban counties, rural counties, and states, each population with its own unique law enforcement needs. Even within a particular community type, such as cities, the law enforcement needs vary from locale to locale. For example, a small town positioned between two larger cities may need more law enforcement personnel than a same-sized community that does not have a nearby urban center. A city with legal gambling establishments may pose unique law enforcement challenges when compared to a similarly populated city with a neighboring military base.

Not only are the law enforcement needs of various locales different, but the functions of the officers serving those areas differ as well. In some areas, the county sheriff's officers may be responsible for a variety of civil functions such as tax collection; they may also be the enforcement authority for local and state courts; and they may administer jail facilities. In other locales, officers may be the only law enforcement agency in the county and, thus, responsible for providing all necessary services across what may be a large geographical area. State police and highway patrol officers may focus primarily on traffic enforcement on highways and interstates or investigative responsibilities of violent crimes throughout the state. Data users must consider the different service requirements and duties when attempting any comparison of law enforcement employee rates.

The data presented in the following tables should be viewed as guidelines or averages; they should not be considered recommended staffing levels. Only after careful study and analysis of a myriad of conditions affecting service requirements can the appropriate personnel needs of any jurisdiction be determined.

The average number of law enforcement personnel collectively employed by agencies within each of the UCR population groups are presented in Tables 70-75. Table 76 reports the number of law enforcement employees working within state law enforcement agencies for each state; Tables 77-81 present the number of law enforcement employees for states, cities, colleges and universities, and suburban and rural counties. Table 82 offers data from county and city agencies serving the Nation's transit systems, parks and forests, schools and school districts, hospitals, etc., that usually share concurrent jurisdiction with local law enforcement.

Law Enforcement Rate

On average, there were 3.5 full-time law enforcement employees, officers and civilians, for every 1,000 inhabitants in the Nation in 2002. (Based on Table 74.) In the Nation during 2002, a total of 13,981 city, college and university, county, and state police agencies employed 665,555 full-time officers and 291,947 civilians providing law enforcement services for more than 271 million inhabitants. (See Table 74.) Collectively, cities in the United States reported 3.1 law enforcement employees per 1,000 inhabitants in 2002. The highest average among cities, 4.1 law enforcement employees per 1,000 in population, was recorded in those with fewer than 10,000 in population. Those cities with a population of 250,000 or more inhabitants had an average of 3.9 law enforcement employees per 1,000 inhabitants. (See Table 70.) Suburban counties reported the highest rate, an average of 4.7 law enforcement employees. Rural counties had an average of 4.2 law enforcement employees per 1,000 inhabitants. (Based on Table 74.) By region, the cities in the Northeast and the South each posted a law enforcement employee rate of 3.5 per 1,000 in population. Cities in the Midwest recorded a rate of 2.8; in cities in the West, the rate was 2.4. (See Table 70.)

Sworn Personnel

When considering only sworn officers, the Nation's cities recorded a rate of 2.3 officers per 1,000 inhabitants. By population grouping, rates ranged from 1.8 officers per 1,000 inhabitants for cities with 25,000 to 99,999 in population to 3.2 officers for cities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. (See Table 71.) Suburban counties reported an average of 2.7 sworn officers per 1,000; rural counties had an average of 2.5. (Based on Table 74.) In terms of geographic location, cities in the Northeast had the highest ratio of sworn officers to population with 2.7 officers for every 1,000 persons. The South followed with 2.6 officers for every 1,000 inhabitants, and the Midwest had a rate of 2.2 officers. The West had a rate of 1.7 sworn officers per 1,000 inhabitants. (See Table 71.) Males comprised the majority of sworn officers, 88.7 percent, nationally and also in cities collectively. In rural counties, 92.1 percent of sworn officers were males; 86.9 percent in suburban counties were males. Females made up 11.3 percent of the 322 CRIME IN THE UNITED STATES Nation's sworn officers in 2002. Cities with a population of 1 million inhabitants or more had the highest percentage of sworn female officers at 17.5 percent. (See Table 74.)

Civilian Employees

Civilians made up 30.5 percent of the total national law enforcement work force in 2002. In cities collectively, they represented 23.4 percent of law enforcement employees. In suburban counties, civilians constituted 41.0 percent of the law enforcement workforce; in rural counties, they accounted for 39.4 percent. (See Table 75.) Females comprised 62.1 percent of all civilian employees. (See Table 74.)

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted

In 2002, 56 law enforcement officers were feloniously killed while carrying out their duties, which decreased from 2001 when 70 officers were feloniously slain. The 2001 figure does not include the 72 officers who lost their lives in the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.

Accidental law enforcement deaths also decreased from 2001-77 officers were accidentally killed in 2002; 78 officers lost their lives in accidents in 2001. More extensive data on line-of-duty deaths as well as assaults on city, county, state, and federal officers is contained in the Uniform Crime Reports annual publication Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted.

323 LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL

Table 70

Full-time Law Enforcement Employees

1

as of October 31, 2002

Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants by Geographic Region and Division by Population Group [2002 estimated population] Population group

Total (10,653 cities; population 182,456,027)

Group I (70 cities, 250,000 and over; population 52,879,728) Group II (162 cities, 100,000 to 249,999; population 24,457,039) Group III (389 cities, 50,000 to 99,999; population 26,808,264) Group IV (760 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; population 26,374,112) Group V (1,763 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; population 27,930,903) Group VI (7,509 cities, under 10,000; population 24,005,981) Geographic region/division

TOTAL CITIES: 10,653 cities; population 182,456,027: Number of employees 558,892 205,573 61,739 62,203 61,343 68,513 99,521 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 3.1 3.9 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 4.1

New England: 758 cities; population 12,313,029:

Number of employees 32,668 2,771 4,785 5,904 6,782 7,061 5,365 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.7 4.6 3.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.9

Middle Atlantic: 1,567 cities; population 29,933,085:

Number of employees 114,757 64,343 4,745 8,753 11,751 12,378 12,787 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 3.8 6.3 3.4 2.6 2.4 2.1 3.0

NORTHEAST: 2,325 cities; population 42,246,114: Number of employees 147,425 67,114 9,530 14,657 18,533 19,439 18,152 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 3.5 6.2 3.5 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.9

East North Central: 1,991 cities; population 31,512,235:

Number of employees 91,525 31,322 7,334 10,367 12,012 14,769 15,721 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.9 4.4 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.3 3.3

West North Central: 1,159 cities; population 12,573,771:

Number of employees 31,694 7,713 3,038 3,702 4,055 4,828 8,358 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.5 3.5 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.2 3.1

MIDWEST: 3,150 cities; population 44,086,006: Number of employees 123,219 39,035 10,372 14,069 16,067 19,597 24,079 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.8 4.2 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.3 3.2

South Atlantic: 1,660 cities; population 20,995,073:

Number of employees 83,945 21,293 12,207 11,094 7,654 10,254 21,443 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 4.0 4.5 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.3 7.1

East South Central: 941 cities; population 8,764,850:

Number of employees 32,425 6,860 4,348 2,045 3,551 5,480 10,141 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3 2.9 3.1 5.2

West South Central: 1,210 cities; population 21,822,633:

Number of employees 63,499 23,529 7,695 6,213 5,833 6,706 13,523 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.9 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.7 4.9

SOUTH: 3,811 cities; population 51,582,556: Number of employees 179,869 51,682 24,250 19,352 17,038 22,440 45,107 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 3.5 3.4 2.9 2.8 2.8 3.1 5.8

Mountain: 593 cities; population 13,392,422:

Number of employees 35,833 14,733 5,979 3,552 2,968 2,915 5,686 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.7 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.5 4.3

Pacific: 774 cities; population 31,148,929:

Number of employees 72,546 33,009 11,608 10,573 6,737 4,122 6,497 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.3 2.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1 4.8

WEST: 1,367 cities; population 44,541,351: Number of employees 108,379 47,742 17,587 14,125 9,705 7,037 12,183 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 2.4 2.7 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 4.6

Suburban Area

2

: 6,528 agencies; population 108,747,307: County

3

: 3,328 agencies; population 88,784,510:

Number of employees 418,093 Number of employees 398,610 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 3.8 Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 4.5

1 Full-time law enforcement...

To continue reading

FREE SIGN UP