Section 19 Basic Work-Related Activities (Part 3 of 3)

LibrarySocial Security Administration Practice and Procedure (2011 Ed.)

A "severe" impairment significantly limits the physical or mental ability to perform basic work-related activities, as per SSRs 85‑28 and 96-3p. Basic work-related activities are the abilities and aptitudes necessary to do most jobs. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1521 and 416.921. These include exertional activities and nonexertional activities. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1569a and 416.969a; SSRs 83‑10, 96‑4p, and 96‑8p. SSR 83-10 includes a comprehensive glossary.

SSR 96-4p describes how the terms "exertional" and "nonexertional" in the regulations classify types of functional limitations or restrictions resulting from a medically determinable physical or mental impairment-i.e., exertional limitations affect a claimant's ability to meet the strength demands of jobs, and nonexertional limitations or restrictions affect a claimant's ability to meet the nonstrength demands of jobs. Limitations or restrictions are separated into three classifications:

1. Exertional

2. Nonexertional

3. Combined exertional and nonexertional

Exertional limitations or restrictions affect a claimant's ability to meet the seven strength demands of jobs. For the basic regulatory definitions of exertional levels, see 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1567 and 416.967. The seven strength or exertional activities are as follows:

1. Lifting

2. Carrying

3. Sitting

4. Standing

5.

Walking

6. Pushing

7. Pulling

Nonexertional limitations or restrictions affect a claimant's ability to meet the non-strength...

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