The study attempts to analyze and report research trends in various subject fields of the faculty of Sciences, Life Sciences and Mathematical Science of University of Jammu. The analysis is based on the data gathered from SCOPUS as on March-May, 2011. The data gathered were meticulously analysed to depict research trends in different Departments and Subject areas viz: collaboration at various levels, authorship patterns, and citation profile. The findings reveal that although the faculties under study have witnessed potential growth in terms of research output. However, several departments are still lagging behind in terms of productivity and quality research, which is evident from low research output and citation count received by the publications. Current study is confined to 1237 research contributions that were published during 39 years from (1972 to May, 2011), by the 15 departments under the faculty of Sciences, Life Sciences and Mathematical Sciences of University of Jammu indexed by SCOPUS. The study is beneficial to highlight potential areas of research and will act as a tool for addressing problems at research front in those subject areas where research output is very meagre.
Keywords- Research, research output, Science and Technology research, Science and Technology research in India, collaborative research, University research, citation impact, research barriers.
Knowledge is being valued as a vital asset for progress and prosperity in every sphere of human understanding. The domain of knowledge especially scientific knowledge is ever expanding resulting out of experimentation carried out at different levels. This trend makes scientific & technological activities more important because it expands the intellectual asset of human kind and solves important national problems (Yamamoto, 2001). The most significant source of technological progress over the past several years has been the advancement of scientific knowledge. The dependence of industrial innovation on science first became evident in the last few decades of the 19th century. Industries the driving force of economy for a nation came to rely on universities to train the scientists & engineers that they would employ in their research. Therefore, University research itself also contributed to technical advances in industry all over the world (Hill, 2006). Science & technological research became the key area of focus because the engine of economic growth & social prosperity is the knowledge & the basic research that produces that knowledge. Okafor and Dike (2010) considers that the primary aim of research is discovering, interpreting, and the development of methods & systems for the advancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of world & universe. The results stemming from research & development can be used to solve various kinds of problems that are confronted by the society world over.
Modern day research is increasingly complex & demands an ever-widening range of skills. Collaboration is one way of addressing such demands. The science community has increasingly celebrated collaborative research and there has been growing importance of research collaboration in science community (Gupta & Dhawan, 2008). According to He, Geng and Hunt (2008) among the numerous benefits of research collaboration, often cited in literature are sharing knowledge & techniques, cross pollination of ideas, pooling research resources & sharing expensive instruments, increasing visibility & recognition and accelerating research progress.
Research, is regarded as an important indicator of nations competitiveness for the present and future (Abbot & Doucouliagos, 2004). Although govt. and private institutions have set up their own research centres and started their own research, universities continue to play a prominent role in knowledge production particularly in pure or basic research fields (Conroy, 1989); (Geuna, 1998); (Loon, 2008) as cited in ( Li, Millwater & Hudson, 2008). The ultimate output of research in universities may come in different forms varying over time like scientific and technological information (Mowery, n.d.). Research output is a mean by which academics contribute their own knowledge to existing body of knowledge. These contributions are generally in the form of books, journal articles and reports (Okafor 2011). The generation, dissemination and applications of research outputs and findings are the basis for industrial innovations and improved productivity and competitiveness at the organizational, societal and national levels. Recognizing the immense importance of science and technology India, has built up a strong research and development base in both governmental and private sectors in all areas of science and technology. This has lead to an impressive quality of research publications. As reflected in the publications indexed in international multidisciplinary subject databases, India's publication growth rate has been relatively much faster in recent years (Gupta & Dhawan, 2006). So, a quantitative investigation of research publication, based on attributes like author, institutional affiliation, citation to papers etc which constitutes the research output are important for knowledge representation at the level of scientific speciality as well as for studying intellectual structures and also for understanding informal and formal collaborative networks in both natural and social science. Since research output measures the quantity of research in various fields, thus it can act as a bibliometric indicator. Bibliometric indicator seek to measure the quantity and impact of scientific publication as a proxy for overall output of research and are based on count of scientific papers and citations they receive. The most widely applied bibliometric indicator for research evaluation includes publication count and citation analysis (King, 1987). Analysis of publications provide some insight in to complex dynamics of research activity and enables policy makers and science administrators in framing policies and directions in which research and development (R&D) has to be conducted. Such investigation is also important for systematic comparison of scientific output and for assessing status of Science and Technology across institutions especially universities.
Research plays an important role in underpinning a country's economic and social well-being. It plays a pivotal role in development of different subject areas and as such, much research is being contributed globally almost in every sphere of human knowledge (Hill, 2011). It holds true for Science and allied fields where research has become an index for measuring progress and development. In this context, university as centre of knowledge production and generation plays critical role in promoting science and technological research. Recognizing, the immense importance of university research, it becomes imperative to keep follow of trends in research to keep pace with current scientific and technological advancements. In this perspective, the present work attempts to analyze and report research trends in various subject fields of the faculty of Sciences, Life Sciences and Mathematical Science of University of Jammu.
The present study attempts to explore and analyse the research contributions of University of Jammu from 1972- May 2011, in the...