Research productivity from any group and individuals pave a way to the growth of disciplines concerned. In India, UGC, DBT, ICSSR, DST and many other nodal agencies provide a large amount of money for carrying out research projects. These initiatives bring out tremendous changes in a field of knowledge. Faculty needs to be actively involved in teaching in general and research publications in particular numbers of collaborative research contributions are very common in any part of the globe. Accumulation of ideas brings about knowledge. Universities play a vital role in the application of new knowledge. Research contributions are conventionally categorized into four key areas such as education, research, conservation and extension. The success or failure of any university is statistically measured by the contributions of above said areas. The present study has been made an attempt to apply bibliometric analysis to measure the performance of research output of faculties such as Professors, Associate Professors and Assistant Professors in the Periyar University, Salem.
Profile of Periyar University
Periyar University (http://www.periyaruniversity.ac.in/) has been re-accredited with 'A' Grade by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) recently and located at Salem, India. The University has shown tremendous growth in all the spheres of its 17 years of existence. It caters to the needs of students from rural areas and downtrodden sections of society among Salem, Namakkal, Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri regions. The university receives funds from various agencies such as the UGC, CSIR, DBT, DST, ICMR, ICSSR, and MHRD to carry out research activities by different departments. The university has established exclusive centres for Bioinformatics, Nanoscience and Instrumentation. The central library of this university houses more than 75,000 books and 3000 back volumes of journals and 2800 dissertations. The UGC-INFONET digital library provides various e-resources and makes the learning process 24/7. Periyar University has an exclusive computer centre which takes care of web development. The network connectivity in the campus has lent a competitive edge to students, faculty and researchers in their academic and research pursuits.
Review of literature is one of the significant activities in research. Researchers found the relevant research area and the documents were correctly matched to the objectives and variables of the present study. Velmurugan and Radhakrishnan (2015) have carried out on Webology journal from the year 2007 to 2013 and the results found that the maximum numbers of research papers were produced by single authors and the lowest amount numbers of articles were published by co-authors. The majority of research articles were published during 2008 and the lowest numbers of scholarly papers were published in the year 2009. The greatest numbers of articles were contributed by Indian authors and placed first rank and the degree of collaboration was 0.506.
Hung et al (2015) have examined how universities perform in knowledge utilization with sample of world's top 300 research universities which are located in North America, Europe and East Asia during the period from 1995 to 2005 and the number of articles were collected using the SCI and SSCI databases and administered the statistical data by USPTO patent database. The results showed that out of 300 research universities, in 1995, 136 universities are located in Europe, 34 in East Asia and 130 in North America. In the year 2005, the above universities have been increased simultaneously. In this study, latent growth modeling is used for assessing the utilization of knowledge created by universities. The results revealed that not all top 300 research universities in the world perform well in knowledge utilization for patented inventions.
Morillo and Efrain-Garcia (2015) have investigated the Bibliometric analysis on technology centres of Spanish institutional sectors during the period between 2008 and 2012. The study covered TC's main functions and authors' performance, degree of national and international collaboration and their major features; evaluation of scholarly articles etc. for analysis, the data was collected from the web of science citation core database. The results showed that the total number of 5068 documents and 4586 research articles were published and produced by TCs. It was noticed that TC's scientific impact was slightly higher than the average.
Alijanianzadeh and Saboury (2014) have analyzed in their study on scientific publication by the Islamic Azad University (IAU) from beginning to February 2013. The data was collected from Web of Science (WOS) Database with the help of various versions such as Science, Social Science, Arts and Humanities. The results show that a total number of 18398 documents were published by IAU and most of the scientific publications were collaborated authors from USA. More than 4700 IAU documents were published in 37 journals. Vivekanandhan and Bathri Narayanan (2014) carried out on research output of authorship trends and collaborative research in Bharathiyar University for the period 2009-2013. The data was downloaded using Scopus database. The findings revealed that the majority of 452 articles were published in 2013 and the largest numbers of research publications (87.86%) were published with multi-authorship pattern and the average degree of collaboration was 0.99.
Thirumagal (2012) observed the research publications of Manonmaniam Sundaranar University during 1992-2011. The data was gathered from Web of Science. To calculate the data, tool box such as Histcite and Bibexcel were used. The results show that the highest number of publications was in the year 2010. Since the multi-authored papers were high the collaborative research trend was evident in the field of scientific research and the maximum citation score was 61. Velmurugan (2013) examined authorship pattern and collaborative research work on Journal of Intellectual Property Rights (JIPR) for six years between 2007and 2012. The results of the study showed that the highest numbers of papers (19.79 %) were published in 2012. The degree of collaboration was 0.34.
Hayati and Didegah (2010) have carried out the study on Iranian researchers' collaboration with their colleagues of other countries using science citation index to examine the scientific publications produced by them. The total records were 33,813 and the papers were employed the survey research techniques to answer the questions. Based on the study, the results revealed that the Iranian scientists have had collaboration with 115 countries and their research productivity have increased in the SCI database from 1998 to 2007. The results have also showed that the international collaboration in different subject areas revealed that geosciences had the higher number of publications and co-authored internationally.
This paper has explored and investigated the scientific research publications (703) of Periyar University which have been indexed in Web of Science (WOS) database between 1989 and 2014.
Objectives of the study
The main objective of the present study is...