The significance of research in any discipline of study can never be underestimated. Scientists, academics and researchers have been engaged in research in their fields of study for years in the wake of quest for exploring countless elements in the vast universe. Council of Canadian Academies (2010) reveals that research plays a key role in shaping the world. Through research, we gain a better understanding of today's most pressing and complex social and scientific issues such as cultural diversity, human rights, disease prevention, and climate change. The main aim of research is discovering and development of methods and systems for advancement of human knowledge (Okafor & Dike, 2010). The research findings not only help the people, to speak in broader and wider sense, it helps students to remain abreast with the latest happenings in their field of study. However, doing a research and coming to a certain conclusion doesn't mean the end of the research, but the quest to make more and more explorations. People often find themselves eager to see the advances in medical science and its practices. This is believed, to be possible only through the availability of different primary sources of information which play a major role for communicating the latest research findings. It has been found that these sources include papers on almost all issues pertaining to human health and safety. It can range from minor disorders to bigger ones, with the sole objective of saving human and animal lives, in mind. Science and Engineering Indicators (as cited in Webster, 2005) finds that over the years, research in the field of science, to speak specifically, has assumed a lot of importance and prominence. Biomedical sciences have become one of the most heavily-researched areas of science. Nearly half of all papers listed in the Science Citation Index (SCI) between 1989 and 2000 came from within this field, compared to a 1999 figure of 15 per cent from physics and 13 per cent from chemistry. In total, over 3,500,000 biomedical articles, notes and reviews were published worldwide over this period. In the UK, 55 per cent of all science publications are biomedical.
It is often presumed that in absence of quality research institutions in developing countries coupled with paucity of infrastructure and manpower, research activities in biomedical sector are yet to receive the fillip the extent they deserve. However, the activities are understood to be picking up more and more as the countries understand the pressing need of the same. This need is felt in India as well, where, of late, academics, researchers, doctors and even students in smaller institutions in different states have begun to undertake research on various aspects of medical science. Despite hit by the turbulence over few decades medical research in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is also making progress with research being promoted at various medical colleges and institutions across the state. Many research articles are finding their place in well reputed journals globally. Is it really so? The present study therefore is undertaken on one of the premier institutions of Jammu and Kashmir State- Government Medical College Jammu (GMC), with the aim of analyzing the growth, contribution and impact of research carried out by the faculty members, researchers or students of aforementioned institution.
The objectives of the study are
To assess the research contribution of various departments.
To study the authorship pattern and the levels of collaboration.
To determine interdisciplinary research trends.
To know the types of the documents consulted.
To analyze the overall citation pattern.
The study has harvested data from SciVerse- Scopus. As stated in the official website, SciVerse Scopus is one of the largest abstract and citation databases of peer-reviewed literature and quality web sources worldwide with more than 20,500 titles from more than 5,000 international publishers. It Contains 49 million records, 78% with abstracts, also includes over 5.3 million conference papers and provides 100% Medline coverage (Scopus, 2013). Data for the study included publications that were published since 1973 and indexed up to May, 2011 in SciVerse Scopus. The affiliation search feature was used to get precise results. The search was conducted through a number of search expressions like, Govt. Medical College Jammu; Government Medical College Jammu, GMC Jammu etc. As such, 514 records were found which belonged to authors affiliated with Govt. Medical College, Jammu. The number of published works was considered as an index of quantity of research productivity. The department wise demarcation was based on authors departmental affiliation reported in their respective publication and indexed by SciVerse Scopus, too. Analyzed parameters included patterns of authorship, patterns of collaboration, preferred document types, number of citations received by per publication (a statistics known as citation impact) and interdisciplinary research approaches. The papers by two or more than two authors have been clubbed together and termed as multi authored publications. For the purpose of the study we classified the works that were done in collaboration into three main categories:
(a) International: Collaborative works in which one of the author belong to country other than India are labeled under International collaborative works
(b) National: Works wherein one of the authors is affiliated with institutions located in States other than J&K are tagged as National Collaborative works.
(c) State Works: Publications in which contributing authors neither belonged to any other country or State other than J&K is grouped under State Collaborative Works.
Review of related Literature
The evaluation of academic research performance is nowadays a priority issue. Bibliometric indices are an indispensable tool in evaluating the research output of individuals and institutions (Sypsa and Hatzakis, 2009). Bibliometric is the scientific and quantitative study of publications and is used to identify the pattern of publication, authorship, and secondary journal coverage to gain insight into the dynamics of growth of knowledge in the areas under consideration. The main derivatives of bibliometrics are: publication counts, citation counts, co-citation analysis, scientific 'mapping' and citations in patents (Thanuskodi, 2010). Bibliometrics is a means for situating a country in relation to the world, an institution in relation to a country, and even individual scientists in relation to their own communities (Mazboudi & Abdelaziz, 2010). Bibliometric indicators seek to measure the quantity and impact of scientific publications -as a proxy for the overall output of scientific research- and are based on a count of scientific papers and the citations they receive (UNESCO, 2005). Bibliometric indicators are increasingly being used for research assessment, especially in university and government labs, and also by policymakers, information specialists and librarians, and researchers themselves (Thomas Reuters, 2008). Analysis based on bibliometric indicators can be used to address the issues such as: (I) Is country contributing more or less to research output in a particular field or sub-field? (ii) Is it performing better than others?, and (iii) Is it contributing more research output in a particular area compared to others? (Gupta & Dawan, 2006).
Webster (2005) in his study tried to map UK's biomedical research output from 32 selected medical fields during the span of 12 years from 1989 till 2000 and reveals that the UK stand at the second place as the producer of medical research with 17% world output in the field of Asthma and Malaria followed by surgery with 8%. Falagas, Papastamataki and Bliziotis (2006) assess the research productivity of different world regions in the field of Parasitology using the PubMed database and journal citation reports for the period 1995-2003. The study shows that Western Europe exceeds all world regions in research production, with 34.8% of all articles (6,302 articles) coming from this area. USA ranked second (3,599 articles, 19.9% of total) and Latin America and the Caribbean third (3,111 articles, 17.2% of total). Another study carry out by Vergidis, Karavasiou, Paraschakis, Bliziotis and Falaqas (2005) estimated the quantity and quality of worldwide research production in the field of microbiology for the period 1993-2005 using the PubMed and Journal Citation Reports databases. The results reveal that in terms of research production for the period studied, Western Europe exceeded all other world regions, with the USA ranking second. The mean impact factor was highest for the USA at 3.4, while it was 2.8 for Western Europe and 2.4 for the rest of the world combined. Furthermore, the three regions in which research productivity increased the most were Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. Annyang (2011) analyzes a report published by Royal society Knowledge, networks and countries, in the 21st century global scientific cooperation, which clearly revealed that China's scientific research...