Research Productivity of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS): A Scientometric Analysis.

Author:Nishavathi, E.
 
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  1. INTRODUCTION

    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (AIIMS) is the precursor of medical education institution in India established to evince excellence in all branches of medical education by an act of Parliament in 1956. AIIMS, New Delhi provides medical, Para-medical, and Nursing education, training and care to patients. AIIMS, New Delhi creates enormous specialist (MD/MS), super-specialists (DM/MCh), Phd scholars, allied health and basic science experts including nurses and paramedical professionals with its 47 departments covering 71 branches of disciplines, 7 centers, and 650 faculty members. AIIMS, New Delhi plays a vital role in medical research with over 2000 publication in a year by its researcher. Researchers, Faculties of AIIMS, New Delhi conducted over 610 funded research projects and received extramural research grant of more than Rs. 72 crores, intramural research grant of Rs. 5.04 crores. It also operate hospital and 7 specialty centers , comprehensive rural health centers in Haryana and ensures wellbeing of approximately 8 lakhs of people through Centre for Community of Medicine. AIIMS, New Delhi aims to provide superior health care to Indian people through quality medical education, cost-effective patient care and innovative biomedical research. It also extends its health services to outside of India.

    Government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya SurakshaYojana (PMSSY) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi, with the objectives of correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable and reliable tertiary healthcare services, augmenting facilities for quality medical education creating a critical mass of doctors and conducting research in the country relevant to the area.

    Under PMSSY, during the year 2012-2013 six AIIMS were established in the country at Bhopal, Bhubneshwar, Patna, Jodhpur, Raipur and Rishikesh recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India.

    Medical education institutions are the major sources of medical information which will helps to reduce the disease burden of a nation. India is the second largest populated country in the world. India spends 5296(in million current US $) as capital health expenditure and occupies 170th place in the total world health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure) with the value of 30.04 during the year 2014.There are 479 institutions across the country imparting medical education (MBBS) and involved in research activities. Research output of an institution is an important indicator of that institute's quality of education and clinical care. AIIMS, New Delhi ranked 3rd among the top10 global medical institutions during the year 2004 - 2014 with 11377 research publication output which includes original articles, clinical trials, case reports, reviews, reports of conferences and symposia.

    Mesoscopic scientometrics indicators utilized to evaluate the research organization or any other institution which includes research productivity--publication output; impact--citation analysis; collaboration - co-authorship, co-word and network analysis. As defined by Pritchard bibliometrics uses mathematic and statistical methods to scientific literature to measure and to evaluate the productivity of an individual, institution, and nation.

    Scientometrics indicators are also derived from the descriptivestatistical measures such as central tendency, dispersion, skew ness and measures of relationship. Furthermore inferential statistics such as estimation of population parameters and the testing of statistical hypotheses provides consummate evaluation of research productivity of an institution. Scientometrics study of research productivity AIIMS with inferential statistical measures unveiled a nuanced and more accurate evaluation of scientific literature and its impact on reduction of disease burden in India.

  2. LITERATURE REVIEW

    Corpus of literatures is available for scientometrics analysis to assess and evaluate the research productivity of a nation, institution, individual, discipline. This study reviewed the literature from the perspective of institutional productivity and statistical approaches to scientometrics analysis of institutional productivity.

    In India, scientometrics literatures are recoded in Institute of National Importance, Indian Institute of Technology (IITs); Research and development Institutions - Central Tuber Crops Research Institute(CTCRI), Thiruvananthapuram, CSRI - Central Electro Chemical Research Institute (CECRI), Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI) and Universities - Pondicherry University, Maharshi Dayanand University, University of Mysore, University of Kerala to reference a few.

    In the context of medical educational institutions, Bala and Gupta studies the research output of the Government Medical College and Hospital, (GMCH), Chandigarh, covered in Scopus for the period of 16 years (1992 - 1997). The study revealed that GMCH has an annual publication growth rate of 19.79%, occupies 9th place in the research output and 12th in h-index and occupies 13 th rank in average citations per pater among the top 15 medical colleges of the country. Pratap and Gupta used p-index to measure performance of Indian medical colleges in the county over the period of 10 years (1999 - 2008). The study identifies top 30 institutions in the area of medicine, and also top 5 medical institutions in various areas of specialization in India. Pudovkinet. at evaluated productivity and citation impact of 66 researchers of the Deutsche Rheuam Forschungs Zentium(DRFX) seen through Web of Science during the year 2004 - 2008 and productivity are compared with group leader vs. regular scientists, of male vs. female scientists. Study concluded that leaders are more prolific and more cited than the regular scientists. Kaur and Preeti compared the quality of research output of AIIMS and PGIMER (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh for the period1999 - 2008. A subject wise analysis of growth of publication, its h-index and international collaboration has been studied and concluded that except the differences in total number of productivity and citations of article both the institutions have almost same level of growth, rank, h-index and ICP. AIIMS contributed higher number of paper 9838 and 209995 citation, whereas PGIMER 5552 articles with 11439 citations. Wani, Hameed and Iqbalanalyzed the research productivity of AIIMS during the year 1959-2011 as reflected in Scopus database. This study unveiled that the discipline medicine has highest productivity of 14381 articles, articles (12820) are the most preferred publication pattern, nationally 14.25%, internationally 5.66% and locally 80.09% collaborated by the AIIMS. Senthilkumar and Ulaganathan probed the research productivity of AIIMS indexed in the Indian citation index during the year 2004-2015. Totally 4847 articles were analyzed for author, subject, and year wise distribution of literatures along with its citation scores. 1282 research articles published by the scientists of CECRI during the period 2000-2009 by Jeyshankar (2009). It is found that 2009 was the most productive year with 194 articles (15.13%) published in the year. Collaborative research was dominant with the highest degree of collaboration being 0.98, in the year 2005. Further, the study investigated authorship pattern, co-authorship pattern, highly prolific authors and highly preferred journals by the scientists of CECRI. Jeyshankar (2015) evaluated the research publication trend among scientists of Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research during the period 1989-2013. Data were analyzed based on type of...

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