Refugee resettlement.

Author:Mayorga, Jennifer

Congress established the refugee resettlement program in 1980 as a partnership with state government and nonprofit resettlement agencies to provide temporary cash and medical and social services until refugees became self-sufficient in their new communities.

Refugees are vetted overseas through several federal agencies, including the Department of Homeland Security, National Counterterrorism Center and FBI. All applicants go through a rigorous criminal background check. Refugees can be barred from entering the United States for medical, criminal or national security reasons--such as contributing money, intelligence or any other support to a terrorist organization. Security checks and processing take an average of 18 months to complete.

The annual refugee ceiling, set by the president in consultation with Congress, is currently at 70,000. The admissions ceiling is set to increase to 85,000 in FY 2016 and 100,000 in FY 2017.

Refugee | re-fyu - je |:

Anyone who has a "well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion."--The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952.

The Top Dozen Countries Sending the Most Refugees to the U.S. in FY 2014 Iraq 19,651 Burma 14,577 Somalia 9,011 Bhutan 8,316 D.R. Congo 4,502 Cuba 4,063 Iran 2,833 Eritrea 1,445 Sudan 1,037 Afghanistan...

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