Provincial intervention outcomes in Makana Local Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province

Published date01 November 2018
Date01 November 2018
Provincial intervention outcomes in Makana Local Municipality
in the Eastern Cape Province
Teyisi Zolani |Ogochukwu Iruoma Nzewi
Department of Public Administration, Faculty
of Management and Commerce, University of
Fort Hare (UFH), King Williamstown's Town,
Eastern Cape, South Africa
Teyisi Zolani, Department of Public
administration, Faculty of Management and
Commerce, University of Fort Hare (UFH),
115 Bisho, King Williamstown's Town 6500,
Eastern Cape, South Africa.
The main aim of this article is to assess Provincial intervention outcomes in Makana
Local Municipality, identify factors, which cause unsuccessful Provincial intervention,
and lastly, measure the extent to which these factors played a role during intervention
in Makana Local Municipality. Provincial interventions have been granted a legal and
constitutional status by South African Constitution, Section 100 139 and 216.
Therefore, Provincial interventions have been used to assist municipalities that are
failing to achieve their constitutional mandate as a result of multiple issues, such as,
financial instability, corruption, maladministration, poor leadership and management,
and political tensions. Interventions by the Province are therefore meant to find
longterm solutions to the problems municipalities find themselves in. It is against this
background that this article assess the outcomes of the Provincial intervention in
Makana Local Municipality. The research utilized a qualitative approach in a form of
documentary sources and openended interviews with a range of actors in Makana
Local Municipality. The study found that Provincial intervention in Makana has
resulted to some extent successful outcomes; however, there are still areas needing
further improvements in the municipality as evident by the current state of the
The key findings of the study include an increase of 8 million in Revenue Collection,
the development of a clear, firm Creditor Payment Procedure, and the recruitment
process to start filling up critical positions; further to this, Makana received a qualified
audit opinion in 2015; in addition, the municipality is honoring the Creditors' debt
repayment plans in accordance. This is the presentation of findings on the outcomes
of Provincial intervention in Makana Municipality. The article concludes by providing
lessons for both the Province and Local government for effective interventions.
Section 139(1)(a) of the Republic of South Africa Constitution (1996)
state that the Province may intervene in Local government thus inter-
vene in a way and to the extent prescribed by the Constitution. This
means that the Province may not intervene in a manner that is uncon-
stitutional. The Constitution further states that the Province must give
reasons why they intervene. The Provincial government must use Sec-
tion 139(1)(a)(c) of the Republic of South Africa Constitution (1996)
in their interventions, thus issuing of the directive in terms of Section
139(1)(a) and assumption of responsibility in terms of Section 139(1)
(b) and the dissolution of the Council in terms of Section 139(1)(c).
The interventions in Local government affairs are authorized when
municipalities are in financial crisis, unable to provide basic services,
to improve the lives of the people, develop policies, initiate of bylaws,
and fail to implement legislation related to Local government. As a
result, Provincial intervention in terms of Section 139 aims to stabilize
the municipality and find longterm solutions. Mohale (2013) states
that, Provincial intervention in the Local government must uproot
and eradicate all that has been identified as the hindrance and that
weakens the ability of the affected municipality to deliver services of
quality to the public in a sustainable manner.
Received: 14 March 2018 Accepted: 14 March 2018
DOI: 10.1002/pa.1714
J Public Affairs. 2018;18:e1714.
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, 1of5

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