The Need for Water Management Program Training
The number of reported Legionnaires' disease (LD) cases increased by more than 250% over the past decade, with at least 8,400 cases reported in 2018 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). A recent review of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) field investigations indicates that 85% of LD outbreaks were caused by problems that could have been prevented with more effective water management (Garrison et al., 2016). Water management programs (WMPs) can help prevent cases of LD by identifying and addressing conditions that might lead to the growth and spread of Legionella bacteria within premise plumbing systems. WMPs can mitigate risk factors such as stagnation of water, inadequate residual disinfection levels, and improper maintenance of aerosolization devices (e.g., decorative fountains). The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services now requires healthcare facilities to have WMPs to minimize the risk of Legionella and other pathogens in hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, and critical access hospitals.
A proactive approach to water management requires a diverse team with skill sets in engineering and environmental health. In healthcare settings, the team should also include the skill set of infection control. This WMP team must have adequate knowledge of the building's water system, the capacity to identify proper control locations and limits, and the authority to implement appropriate corrective actions when necessary. Additionally, this team should have the ability to reconcile environmental data with clinical surveillance for LD. Effective educational resources and templates can help facility management and operations staff design and carry out a WMP (Lucas, Cooley, Kunz, & Garrison, 2016). In response to CDC's Federal Register Notice (Docket No. CDC-2017-0069) to assess WMP implementation methods, respondents indicated that inadequate awareness, knowledge, or expertise were major barriers to implementation. To address these needs, CDC developed a WMP toolkit (www.cdc. gov/legionella/wmp/toolkit/index.html), a suite of tools and materials for LD response and prevention (Table 1), and online training.
In December 2018, CDC and partners launched Preventing Legionnaires' Disease: A Training on Legionella Water Management Programs (PreventLD Training). The online training was designed for public health professionals, building managers, maintenance and engineering...