Preventing and managing riots and disturbances: using the lncident command system for corrections an excerpt from a new ACA book.

Position:Incident Command System for Corrections (ICSC - Excerpt

Introduction to Incident Command for Corrections

The purpose of this Incident Command System for Corrections (ICSC) Operations Manual is to identify standard operating procedures that can be employed in establishing command in a correctional setting at the line level and to provide a system for the effective management of personnel and resources to respond to the incident as it escalates.

The organization models provided in this manual are based upon the NIMS protocols created in response to the Department of Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5: Management of Domestic Incidents (HSPD-5), which identifies steps for improved coordination in response to incidents. It requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to coordinate with other federal departments and agencies and state, local and tribal governments to establish NIMS.

Since its inception, NIMS has striven to integrate existing best practices into a consistent, nationwide approach to domestic incident management applicable at all jurisdictional levels and across functional disciplines in an all-hazards context. The Federal Emergency Management Agency describes the connection between ICS and NIMS on its website as: "One of the most important 'best practices' that has been incorporated into NIMS is the ICS. ICS is a standard, on-scene, all-hazards incident management system already in use by firefighters, hazardous materials teams, rescuers and emergency medical teams. ICS has been established by NIMS as the standardized incident organizational structure for the management of all incidents."

An ICS organization can be expanded easily from a very small operation for routine incidents into a larger organization capable of handling catastrophic events. Because use of ICS at the line level is the pivotal concept in the correctional application of the system, Chapters 1.0 through 1.8 contain the fundamentals of ICS for line staff and first-line supervisors. Chapters 2.0 through 2.9 build upon this foundation and focus on the activities of the expanded organization and functions of command for upper-level supervisors and administrators during larger-scale events.

The contents of this manual and associated lesson plans are intended to add specificity to the mandates and training components provided by NIMS and do not replace curriculum mandated by DHS. Current information provided by the National Integration Center for current guidelines should be accessed regularly for overall NIMS...

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