Paninyavykaranodharanakosah: La grammaire panineenne par ses exemples; Paninian Grammar through Its Examples, vol. III.2: Tinantaprakaranam 2: Le livre des formes conjuguees 2; The Book of Conjugated Forms 2.

Author:Scharf, Peter M.
Position:Book review
 
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Pninyavykaranodharanakosah: La grammaire panineenne par ses exemples; Paninian Grammar through Its Examples, vol. III.2: Tinantaprakaranam 2: Le livre des formes conjuguees 2; The Book of Conjugated Forms 2. By F. GRIMAL, V. VENKATARAJA SARMA, and S. LAKSHMINARASIMHAM. Rashtriya Sanskrit University Series, no. 202; Collection indologie 93.3.2. Tirupati: RASHTRIYA SANSKRIT UNIVERSITY; Pondichery: ECOLE FRANCAISE D'EXTREME-ORIENT; INSTITUTE FRANCAISE DE PONDICHERY, 2009. Pp. xviii + 971. Rs. 600.

As I pointed out in my review of volumes I-II of Paninian Grammar through Its Examples (JAOS 129.4 [2009]: 715-19), the volumes of this work provide valuable lexical access to the sophisticated linguistic analysis undertaken by the Indian grammatical tradition. These volumes thereby complement both works dealing with P[a.bar]ninian grammar systematically and translations of and commentaries on grammatical texts in the extensive Indian linguistic tradition. Paninian Grammar through Its Examples serves as a lexical resource by providing semantic and cultural information embedded in the derivation of words [i.bar]n the P[a.bar]ninian grammatical system while it serves as a research aid and educational resource by providing examples of how the Minim derivational system works. Resulting from a collaboration of French and Indian scholars, these volumes transmit traditional learning in an accessible form.

The work under review is the second part of the third volume in the series of nine planned volumes of Paninian Grammar through Its Examples. Volume 111.2 deals with the conjugation of verbal forms treated in most of the second half of Bhattojid[i.bar]ksita's Tinanta-prakarana (prakaranas 53-63). These sections concern the formation of the causative (nij-anta), desiderative (san-anta), intensive (yan-ants, ya[n.bar]-luk), denominatives (n[a.bar]madh[a.bar]tu, kandv[a.bar]di), the provision of middle ([a.bar]tmanepada) versus active (parasmaipada) verbal terminations, and the passive (karma-prayoga), stative (bh[a.bar]va-prayoga), and detransitized (karma-kartr) verbs. The first part of volume III will deal with the first half of the Tinanta-prakararta (prakaranas 43-52), concerned with the ten classes of roots classified principally according to the production of their present stems, and with the meaning of tenses and moods (prakarana 64, the Lak[a.bar]r[a.bar]rtha-prakarana). The present volume includes 1449 examples found in Bhattojid[i.bar]ksita's...

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