It's not so much a question of outsourcing as it is one of personnel.
The accounting profession is attempting to redefine itself, in part by expanding the types of services it provides. This expansion of services has raised questions about whether CPA firms can maintain their independence and still provide an ever-increasing array of other types of services to audit clients. In this study we addressed financial statement user perceptions about CPA firms performing internal auditing outsourcing activities--an area in which CPAs are becoming increasingly involved.
One hundred and seventy-seven loan officers were furnished with a realistic loan application for a medium-sized retail grocery company and asked to evaluate auditor independence, assess the reliability of financial statements and make a loan decision. All loan application materials were the same across participants except for the description of the internal audit arrangement, which varied as follows:
(1) Not outsourced, done in-house.
(2) Outsourced to an external auditor other than the one that performed the company's external audits.
(3) Outsourced to its own external auditor--which performed management functions.
(4) Outsourced to its own external auditor--same personnel used for the internal and external audits.
(5) Outsourced to its own external auditor--different personnel used for the internal and external audits.
Loan officers receiving the case in which the external auditor performed management functions for the outsourced internal audit gave the case the lowest independence ratings, financial statement reliability scores and loan approval rate. In contrast, loan officers...