State Motto: "Friendship," based on the Caddo Indian word "tejas," meaning friends or allies.
Nickname: Lone Star State
28th state to enter the Union on Dec. 29, 1845
Population: 23.5 million
Gov. Rick Perry, the 47th governor, was sworn in on Dec. 21, 2000
Texas State Legislature
State Senate: 11 Democrats, 20 Republicans
State House of Representatives: 69 Democrats, 80 Republicans, and one vacancy
Congressional Delegation: 13 Democratic and 19 Republican Members of the U.S. House; two Republican U.S. Senators
Franchise Businesses: 71,219
Employment in Franchising: 861,548
Economic Output of Franchising: $68.8 billion
For information on state politics and policy affecting franchising...